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(ĭn'vərnĕs`), town (1991 pop. 39,736), Highland, N Scotland, on the Moray Firth at the mouth of the Ness River. "Capital of the Highlands," it is a seaport and transportation center due to its proximity to the river and the Caledonian Canal, completed in 1812. The town has diverse light industries, including printing, food processing, distilling, wool weaving, and shipbuilding, in addition to a herring fishery. Electrical and mechanical products and automobile parts are also manufactured. Inverness holds an annual cattle and wool market.

An ancient town, it is thought to have been a PictPicts,
ancient inhabitants of central and N Scotland, of uncertain origin. First mentioned (A.D. 297) by the Roman writer Eumenius as northern invaders of Roman Britain, they were probably descendants of late Bronze Age and early Iron Age invaders of Britain.
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 stronghold. The castle, reputedly built under Malcolm III (late 11th cent.), was involved in many wars and was blown up by the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 in 1746. A new castle was built in 1835. Frequent invasions have destroyed most of the town's old buildings. Cromwell's Fort was demolished at the Restoration by Charles II. Inverness, a thriving tourist center, has a museum of Highland relics and hosts an annual Highland Gathering.


former county, Scotland: see Inverness-shireInverness-shire
or Inverness,
former county, NW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Inverness-shire was divided in 1975 between the new Highland region and Western Isles island authority (now both council areas).
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coat with cape; emblem of Sherlock Holmes. [Br. Costume and Lit.: Espy, 267]


a city in N Scotland, administrative centre of Highland: tourism and specialized engineering. Pop.: 40 949 (2001)
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The Company did not generate any Margin Improvement Program (MIP) gains year-to-date as improved productivity and lower raw material usage at the restarted Huguley, Alabama and expanded Inverness, Scotland mills were offset by the timing of annual maintenance shuts and other downtime, as well as the operating impact of adverse weather this year.
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The Inverness, Scotland, native has added numerous theater roles, starred in the film Not Another Happy Ending last year, is a regular on Adult Swim's "NTSF:SD:SUV" and portrays the mercenary "Nebula" in the upcoming blockbuster Guardians of the Galaxy.
Founded in 1996 and based in Inverness, Scotland, FCI specialises in the certification of aquaculture, fisheries and related supply chains and is accredited to multiple seafood certification systems.
More than 100,000 people have already applied for the chance to leave Earth for a galaxy far, far away - including the British expat, who is originally from Inverness, Scotland.
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Janette Milne, 28, from Inverness, Scotland, pleaded guilty to the offence at the city's sheriff court and will be sentenced next month.
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Course Castle Stuart Golf Links, Inverness, Scotland Prize money EUR3.15m (EUR550,250 to the winner) Length 7,193 yards Par 72 Field 156 Course records - 54 holes 197 Luke Donald (2011) 18 holes 62 Fredrik Andersson Hed (2011) When to bet By 7am tomorrow Where to watch Live on Sky Sports from 10.30am tomorrow Last week - French Open 1 M Siem (70-1), 2 F Molinari (20-1), 3 R Jacquelin (100-1), T4 D Lynn (150-1), I Poulter (28-1), D Howell (200-1) Course overview Loch Lomond took centre stage in pre-Open week for 15 years before Castle Stuart made its debut 12 months ago.
Global Energy, established in 2005, has a headcount of over 4,300 employees and two offices in Aberdeen and Inverness, Scotland. In October 2011, the company finalised the purchase of the former North Sea Oil fabrication site at Nigg and is currently transforming the facility into a park that serves the oil and gas, renewables and other energy sectors.