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(ĭn'vərnĕs`), town (1991 pop. 39,736), Highland, N Scotland, on the Moray Firth at the mouth of the Ness River. "Capital of the Highlands," it is a seaport and transportation center due to its proximity to the river and the Caledonian Canal, completed in 1812. The town has diverse light industries, including printing, food processing, distilling, wool weaving, and shipbuilding, in addition to a herring fishery. Electrical and mechanical products and automobile parts are also manufactured. Inverness holds an annual cattle and wool market.

An ancient town, it is thought to have been a PictPicts,
ancient inhabitants of central and N Scotland, of uncertain origin. First mentioned (A.D. 297) by the Roman writer Eumenius as northern invaders of Roman Britain, they were probably descendants of late Bronze Age and early Iron Age invaders of Britain.
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 stronghold. The castle, reputedly built under Malcolm III (late 11th cent.), was involved in many wars and was blown up by the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 in 1746. A new castle was built in 1835. Frequent invasions have destroyed most of the town's old buildings. Cromwell's Fort was demolished at the Restoration by Charles II. Inverness, a thriving tourist center, has a museum of Highland relics and hosts an annual Highland Gathering.


former county, Scotland: see Inverness-shireInverness-shire
or Inverness,
former county, NW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Inverness-shire was divided in 1975 between the new Highland region and Western Isles island authority (now both council areas).
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coat with cape; emblem of Sherlock Holmes. [Br. Costume and Lit.: Espy, 267]


a city in N Scotland, administrative centre of Highland: tourism and specialized engineering. Pop.: 40 949 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Premier Inn Inverness West has 76 bedrooms for guests, while the nearby Loch Ness House Beefeater Grill is a pub and a restaurant.
Premier Inn Inverness West features 76 bedrooms, and lies on the outskirts of Inverness, just a five minute drive away from the town centre.
Liberal Democrat leader Charles Kennedy visited his Ross, Skye and Inverness West constituency to be formally adopted as his party's candidate for the election.
Councillor Allan Duffy (SNP) Inverness West AFTER the farce about the SNP taking legal advice over EU membership and spending PS12,000 of public money on it, how can Alex Salmond be trusted to run a country?
The 42-year-old MP for Ross, Skye and Inverness West popped the question to Ms Gurling, 31, in Scotland over the New Year.
It was little harder than representing one of the largest and most remote constituencies in Britain - Ross, Skye and Inverness West - had been for almost 20 years, he said.
He was adopted as the party's candidate for Ross, Skye & Inverness West before setting out to meet voters.
97 John Farquhar Munro, Lib Dem, Ross, Skye and Inverness West pounds 21,960.
Liberal Democrat leader Charles Kennedy had already voted by post in his far-flung constituency of Ross, Skye and Inverness West.
Liberal-Democrat leader Charles Kennedy, whose Ross, Skye and Inverness West constituency has a number of whale-watching businesses, said: "I share the concerns of Campaign Whale.
The Ross, Skye and Inverness West MP, who became Party leader last month, will call for a cross-party approach to pensions to ensure consistency of provision amid changing political regimes.
John Farquhar Munro, who is quitting Holyrood after 12 years representing Ross, Skye and Inverness West, said: "Alex Salmond is the only one who can lead us through the next session of Parliament, ensuring a more prosperous and sustainable future.