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Integrated Drive Electronics, see Advanced Technology Attachment.


(programming, tool)


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Leuciscus idus), also golden eye, a fish of the family Cyprinidae. The body length is up to 70 cm, and the weight, up to 2.5 kg (rarely 6–8 kg). The back is dark, and the underpart, silvery; all the fins are reddish. The ide is distributed in Europe, inhabiting rivers, lakes, and reservoirs; it is also found in the brackish waters of the gulfs of Bothnia and Finland. It attains sexual maturity in the third to fifth year of life. It spawns in April or May in shallows. The fertility is about 114,000 eggs. The ide feeds on insects, mollusks, worms, and algae. It is an object of both commercial and sport fishing. A domesticated form of ide, the orfe, is bred on fish farms.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(1) (Integrated Development Environment) A set of programming tools for writing applications (source code editor, compiler, debugger, etc.), all activated from a common user interface and set of menus. IDEs are standard procedure for program development. See Eclipse, Xcode, Visual Studio, compiler and debugger.

IDEs Are Very Different
Programmers write, compile and debug their applications in these popular IDEs. The File, Edit, Windows and Help menus were removed in this example to highlight the remaining menus, which barely resemble each other. When switching to a new operating system platform, developers have to learn a whole raft of new program interfaces (APIs) while making it all work in a new IDE. See API.

(2) (Integrated Drive Electronics/Intelligent Drive Electronics) A hardware interface for hard drives and CD/DVD drives. Introduced in 1986 with 20 megabytes of storage, IDE became the standard, and storage grew to hundreds of gigabytes. Officially known as an AT Attachment (ATA) device (see AT bus), IDE's primary contribution was building the disk controller into the drive itself so that only a simple circuit was required on the motherboard. Optical drives use the ATA Packet Interface (see ATAPI). Also known as "Parallel ATA" (PATA), IDE/PATA was superseded by Serial ATA (see SATA).

Master and Slave
Two IDE drives share one cable and are configured as master and slave. Out of the box, drives are set to master, and switching jumper pins makes them slaves.

Myriad Names Over the Years
The following mean the same thing: IDE, ATA, IDE/ATA, EIDE, EIDE/ATA, Fast/ATA and PATA. Using a 100 MB/sec example, drives went by "ATA-100," "Ultra ATA-100," "DMA-100" or "Ultra DMA-100." For detailed specifications, see PATA/SATA specifications. See Cable Select, SMART HDD, hard disk interfaces and SATA.

PATA vs. SATA Cables
IDE/PATA cables took up a lot of room inside the case and impeded air flow. Motherboards had 40-pin sockets for optical drives and 80 pins for hard drives.

Fault Tolerant IDE
In the late 1990s, Arco was first to provide RAID 1 (mirroring) with "inexpensive" IDE drives rather than SCSI. This drive bay card plugged into the motherboard, and cables went to two drives (see RAID). (Image courtesy of Arco Computer Products, Inc.,
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References in periodicals archive ?
If finalized the proposal would replace the current CMS coverage policy under which patients at high risk for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis of greater than 80% can be covered only when carotid artery stenting procedures are performed in an FDA Category B Investigational Device Exemption trial, an FDA-approved postapproval study, or in accordance with Medicare clinical trial policy.
Currently, silicone gel-filled breast implants may be available to certain women only through a clinical study conducted under the Investigational Device Exemptions (IDE) regulations or an FDA-approved adjunct study.
(KOOL) has submitted an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) Supplement to the FDA) for a previously approved clinical trial testing the safety and effectiveness of the point-of-care SurgWerks system in the treatment of late stage, "no-option" and "poor-option" critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients.
In early July, Edwards announced it had received a conditional investigational Device Exemption (DE) from the FDA to initiate the TRANSFORM Trial, a prospective, multi-year study that will evaluate the company's Intuity valve system.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) clinical study, and the system commercially has been released outside of the United States.
(BULLETIN BOARD: CPCF), Sarasota, Fla., reports that its subsidiary, Med Enclosure, LLC, has submitted an Investigational Device Exemption ("IDE") application to the U.S.
Prior to the decision to allow Medicare coverage of carotid stent placement, the Food and Drug Administration had approved the procedure under its Investigational Device Exemption Program.
Titan Medical announces that the human factors evaluation required to support its planned Investigational Device Exemption, or IDE, filing with the FDA was completed successfully and received a highly favorable assessment from the surgeon investigators.
Episurf Medical AB (STO: EPIS B), a provider of minimally invasive and personalised treatment alternatives for people with painful joint injuries, announced on Monday the receipt of approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for its Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) application to initiate a clinical study on the Episealer knee implant.
CardiAQ has received a US Food and Drug Administration Investigational Device Exemption approval to conduct an early feasibility study of up to 20 patients, and also plans to initiate a CE Mark study in Europe.
The Neuro-Spinal Scaffold, an investigational device, has received a Humanitarian Use Device (HUD) designation and is being studied in an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) pilot study for the treatment of patients with complete (AIS A) traumatic acute spinal cord injury.

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