Investigative Tactics

Investigative Tactics

 

in criminalistics, a system of procedures that makes possible the swift and full detection of crimes and exposure of the guilty. Investigative tactics include the planning of criminal investigation and procedures for the effective execution of investigative actions, for example, investigatory view, interrogation, and search.

Principles pertaining to investigative tactics require that several hypotheses be proposed for each criminal case, based on given evidence, and that these hypotheses be checked simultaneously. Crimes can be exposed most successfully by means of a plan of investigation stating the circumstances to be established and specifying the types and times of investigative actions and operational searches to be conducted. Logic, psychology, and other sciences are used to develop particular investigative actions. For example, different procedures are used in the interrogation of the accused, an underage witness, and the victim, depending on the psychological traits of each. Investigative tactics are used in both the investigation of crimes and the hearing of cases in court.

A typical feature of investigative tactics in Soviet criminal procedure is the requirement that tactics correspond strictly to procedural law, which regulates the main investigative actions. Investigative tactics play an important role in criminalistics technique and in the methods of investigating particular types of crime.

References in periodicals archive ?
He added: "This is a substantial multiagency international investigation which has involved various investigative tactics and methods resulting in these searches, seizures and arrests.
Bharara's insider trading crackdown was unusual in that it featured the sort of hardball investigative tactics that typically drive investigations into organized crime, not securities fraud.
But possibilities raised by the committee members included casting a vote of "no confidence" in Hall, pushing for Hall's resignation and tweaking the board's policies so that future regents cannot use investigative tactics similar to what Hall has done.
Given the limited record before me at this point in the litigation - most notably, the utter lack of evidence that a terrorist attack has ever been prevented because searching the NSA database was faster than other investigative tactics - I have serious doubts about the efficacy of the metadata collection program as a means of conducting time-sensitive investigations in cases involving imminent threats of terrorism.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's (EEOC) six-year-old systemic discrimination enforcement program is building steam, fueled by more aggressive investigative tactics and litigation strategies that are creating new challenges for employers.
Education Secretary Arne Duncan recently revealed that his department would use similar investigative tactics as part of beefed-up oversight of for-profit colleges.
90) The court then determines whether the officers' investigative tactics leading up to the warrantless entry were reasonable.
During the civil trial, the plaintiff's lawyers argued that police investigators used unfair investigative tactics and framed him by taking false depositions.
Fisher, a memory expert at Florida International University, said FBI agents and reporters have similar problems: Journalism schools and criminal justice classes focus heavily on interview techniques and investigative tactics but offer little in the way of actual note-taking instruction.
I would also like to see the creation of a European crime enforcement working party, developing pro-active crime detection, exploring new initiatives and utilising all investigative tactics.
Investigators should use "the fact-finding capsule," a fundamental method illustrated by several investigative tactics completed under three important rules.
In addition to using poor investigative tactics, investigators in this case failed to keep the facts confidential, causing substantial embarrassment for the innocent employees when coworkers found out.
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