manslaughter

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manslaughter,

homicidehomicide
, in law, the taking of human life. Homicides that are neither justifiable nor excusable are considered crimes. A criminal homicide committed with malice is known as murder, otherwise it is called manslaughter.
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 committed without justification or excuse but distinguished from murdermurder,
criminal homicide, usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. The most direct case of malicious intent occurs when the killer is known to have adopted the deliberate intent to commit the homicidal act at some time before it is actually
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 by the absence of the element of malicemalice,
in law, an intentional violation of the law of crimes or torts that injures another person. Malice need not involve a malignant spirit or the definite intent to do harm.
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 aforethought. Modern criminal statutes usually divide it into degrees, the most common distinction being between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter is a killing done in the heat of passion provoked by acts of the victim such as to cause a reasonable man to act rashly and without reflection. Such provocation may include violent assault and an unlawful attempt to arrest him, but not mere insulting words or gestures. Involuntary manslaughter is a killing in which there is no intention to kill at all. It occurs when the killing is the result of the commission of a crime that is neither a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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 nor an act likely to cause great bodily harm or when it is the result of a lawful act done in a criminal manner, e.g., a case of negligencenegligence,
in law, especially tort law, the breach of an obligation (duty) to act with care, or the failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person would under similar circumstances.
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. The advent of the automobile caused many manslaughter cases that arise from reckless and careless driving; in the statutes of some states of the United States such killing is a separate crime.

manslaughter

Law the unlawful killing of one human being by another without malice aforethought
References in periodicals archive ?
"It has long been established in our common law that wanton or reckless conduct that causes a person's death constitutes involuntary manslaughter," Kafker wrote.
Involuntary manslaughter is used when the killing is not intentional.
Carter, who was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in the 2014 suicide of her boyfriend, was sentenced on Thursday to a two-and-a-half-year term, with 15 months in prison and the balance suspended plus a period of supervised probation.
Republican People's Party (CHP) deputy EuzgE-r Euzel, who has been following developments related to the mine disaster closely, told the media on Monday that people were expecting the mine managers to be charged with premeditated murder but the managers had instead been charged with involuntary manslaughter, which will lead to lower prison terms if they are convicted.
He said: "He was charged with involuntary manslaughter and he got a fine of [euro]1,340 and a driving suspension for three years which doesn't really mean anything.
When Michael Jackson's personal physician, Conrad Murray, was found guilty of involuntary manslaughter on Nov.
The Jackson obsessives demanded somebody to blame and now Dr Conrad Murray is looking at four years behind bars for involuntary manslaughter.
A has jury found Michael Jackson's doctor Conrad Murray guilty of his involuntary manslaughter.
THE doctor charged over Michael Jackson's death never revealed that he had given the singer a powerful anaesthetic, a paramedic told a jury hearing the doctor's involuntary manslaughter case.
The District Attorney's office later charged the 57-year-old man with involuntary manslaughter. In an interview with the Courier News (a Chicago Sun-Times publication) legal experts and criminal defense attorneys cautioned readers against going too far in "counterattacking" criminals outside of the victim's home.
A legal background contributes significantly to the translator's and interpreter's professional success, as such knowledge will be crucial in avoiding erroneous translations such as "omucidere-sinucidere" and "omor involuntar" (meant to correspond to the English terms "homicide-suicide" and "involuntary manslaughter" respectively), which have no equivalents in the Romanian system, despite their appearing in Romanian translations.

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