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Myanmar: see InnwaInnwa
or Inwa,
formerly Ava
, village, central Myanmar, on the Ayeyarwady River, 10 mi (16 km) S of Mandalay. Founded in 1364, it was the capital of a dynasty of Burmese kings until 1783 (when it was replaced by Amarapura) and again from 1823 to 1837.
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No other artefacts, images, inscriptions or even references in national chronicles on the son of the Inwa king have been documented.
Emma Spence, a newly qualified INWA instructor and project coordinator at Get Moving North Tyneside, said: "Nordic Walking is one of the best exercise workouts for people of all ages and abilities."
STRIDING OUT - Left to right, Amy Carroll, Cobalt travel co-ordinator, Emma Spence, newly qualified INWA Nordic Walking instructor, and project co-ordinator of Get Moving North Tyneside, and Lynn Cramman, Cobalt travel co-ordinator
The group, led by Gareth Davies and training hard over Cannock Chase, are flying out to Estonia to compete in the International Nordic Walking Association (INWA) World Cup Race over 10km, writes Joe Edwards.
The perennial Southeast Asian concerns of controlling people, resources, or trade were also factors in warfare between inland (Inwa or Ava) and maritime (Pegu) polities.
This pattern was once again resurrected when one of the princes of the Second Pegu/Toungoo Dynasty, whose fief was located in a strategic town in Upper Myanmar (Nyaung-yan), reformulated the old by making the city of Ava its centre, recreating a new dry zone dynasty out of the existing human and political resources that traditional indigenous historiography knows only as the Second Inwa (Ava) Dynasty.
(14) The [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]: [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]: Hmannan Yazawindawgyi ['Great Glass Palace Chronicle'] was commissioned in 1829, (15) and the compilers replicated almost verbatim the elaborate descriptions of accounts of figures, events and kingdoms found in U Kala's chronicle at least up to the Inwa period, which marks the end of volume three of the latter's work.
Then, in a separate section, those of the Inwa (Ava) Dynasty are also enumerated.
Thus the Europeans regularly referred to 'The Kingdom of Ava' (Inwa pyi), 'The kingdom of Pegu' and so on.