The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Chinese name, Pu Heng-shang). Born May 15, 1837; died Feb. 22, 1892. Mongolian writer. Son of the writer Vanchinbal.

Until he was 34 years old, Inzhinash was a loyal subject of the Ch’ing empire, but the intensification of the liberation struggle of the masses caused a sudden change in his sentiments. He is the author of the tale Tears of the Red and of a historical novel about the first emperors of the Yüan dynasty, The Dark Blue Book (vols. 1–3; his father wrote the first eight chapters; published in full in 1933 and 1957). His novel of everyday life, One-Story Pavilion, and its sequel, Palace of Red Tears, are both influenced by the Chinese novel Dream in the Red Tower.


Mikhailov, G. I. Ocherk istorii sovremennoi mongol’skoi Hteratury. Moscow, 1955.
Erdenetogtokh. Inzhinash. Huhehaote, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.