Iwo Jima

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Iwo Jima

(ē`wō jē`mə, ē`wô), officially

Iwo To

(tō), volcanic island, c.8 sq mi (21 sq km), W Pacific, largest and most important of the Volcano IslandsVolcano Islands,
Jap. Kazan-retto, island group, c.11 sq mi (30 sq km), W Pacific. The group consists of three islands, of which Iwo Jima (Iwo To) is the most important. The highest peak (3,181 ft/970 m) is on Minami-iwo-jima.
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. Mt. Suribachi, 546 ft (166 m) high, on the south side of the island, is an extinct volcano. The main industries were formerly sulfur mining and sugar refining, but since World War II the island has been a military base. During the war Iwo Jima was the site of a Japanese air base, and it was taken (Feb.–Mar., 1945) by the United States at great cost to U.S. and Japanese forces. A photograph of U.S. marines raising the flag over Mt. Suribachi, which they called Meatgrinder Hill, is one of the most famous images of the war. Iwo Jima was occupied by the U.S. until 1968, when it was returned to Japan. Historically known to its residents as Iwo To, the island was called Iwo Jima by the Japanese navy officers who fortified it during World War II; both names mean Sulphur Island. The island was officially renamed Iwo To in 2007.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Iwo Jima

 

an island in the East China Sea, one of the northernmost Ryukyu Islands. Iwo Jima is a possession of Japan. The active Iwo Jima volcano, which is more than 701 m high, is located on the island. There are sulfur deposits.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Iwo Jima

inspiring American triumph in the Pacific (1945). [Am. Hist.: Leonard, 472–480]
See: Battle
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Iwo Jima

an island in the W Pacific, about 1100 km (700 miles) south of Japan: one of the Volcano Islands; scene of prolonged fighting between US and Japanese forces until taken by the US in 1945; returned to Japan in 1968. Area: 20 sq. km (8 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005