John Metaxas

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Metaxas, John


(loannis Metaxas). Born Apr. 12, 1871, on the island of Ithaca; died Jan. 29, 1941, in Athens. Greek state and political figure.

Metaxas received a higher military education in Germany. After returning to Greece in 1903, he served for many years as an officer on the General Staff. In 1921 he founded the monarchist Party of Freethinkers. After the establishment of a republic in Greece in 1924, Metaxas vigorously fought for the restoration of the monarchy. Metaxas was minister of war from January to April 1935, vice prime minister from April to October 1935, and prime minister from April to August 1936. On Aug. 4, 1936, under the pretext of the alleged danger of a “Communist plot,” Metaxas carried out a fascist coup d’etat, disbanded all political parties, and arrested their leaders. In foreign politics the government of Metaxas, who remained prime minister until his death, steered a course toward economic and political rapprochement between Greece and fascist Germany.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Greece's dictator Ioannis Metaxas regarded his opponents, mainly the communists, 'nationally dangerous' which was why he decided to dissolve the Communist Party of Greece and -- following Hitler's example -- suspended basic articles of the constitution, suppressed freedom of the press and political activity.
According to the report seen by RTE News, the Greek Ambassador for EU Affairs at the Foreign Ministry in Athens Ioannis Metaxas said he was "pre-occupied with Brexit, which would cause 'big problems' for Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark".
HH the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani held separate meetings with the outgoing ambassadors of Kuwait, Peru and Greece to Qatar, Mutib Saleh al-Mutawtah; Julio Florian Alegre; and Ioannis Metaxas, at the Emiri Diwan yesterday.
These included Ambassador of the Hellenic Republic to Qatar HE Ioannis Metaxas, Ambassador of India HE Sanjiv Arora, Ambassador of China HE Gao Youzhen, Ambassador of Turkey HE Ahmet Demirok, Ambassador of Indonesia HE Deddy Saiful Hadi, Ambassador of South Korea HE Keejong Chung, Ambassador of Germany HE Angelika Storz-Chakarji, Ambassador of France HE Jean Christophe Peaucelle, Ambassador of Canada HE Andre Dubois and Deputy Head of Mission of Malaysia HE Mohammed Nour Zaki.
Incidents marred parades and celebrations in towns and cities throughout Greece, held to commemorate the day when Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas rejected a demand from Italian dictator Benito Mussolini to allow deployment of his troops in Greece.
In which European country was Ioannis Metaxas a dictator from 1936 to 1941?
"Muddling through is a prerogative granted only to great powers," the Greek dictator, Ioannis Metaxas, once commented wryly The protracted course of events that ultimately led to Turkey's (and Greece's) accession to NATO in 1952 only serve to confirm his observation.
A number of church services and schoolparades took place on Saturday to mark the Greek resistance against the Axis powers during WWII when Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas rejected the ultimatum given by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini onOctober28, 1940, who had demanded the Axis Powers enter Greece to take up strategic positions.
The Diplomatic Corps in Qatar has hosted a farewell ceremony in honour of Greek ambassador Ioannis Metaxas on the occasion of the end of his tenure.
The anniversary or Ochi Day (NO) was the rejection by the then Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas of the ultimatum given by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on October 28, 1940, who had demanded that the Axis powers enter Greece to take up strategic positions.