Ion Creanga

Creangă, Ion

 

Born Mar. 1, 1837, in Humule§ti Village in Neamƫ District; died Dec. 31, 1889, in Ia§i. Rumanian and Moldavian writer.

Creangă was the son of a peasant. He graduated from a theo-logical seminary in Ia§i in 1858 and served as a deacon. In 1865 he completed courses in education and became a teacher. In 1872, because of conflicts with the church authorities, he was unfrocked. Between 1875 and 1877 he published the folk tales “The Mother-in-law and the Three Daughters-in-law,” “Danilă Prepeleac,” “The Tale of Stan the Fleeced,” and “The Tale of White Arab.” Creangă pointedly ridiculed the brutal forces of oppression, the hypocrisy of churchmen, and folk superstitions. His folk tales are unique realistic novellas in which elements of the fantastic are sometimes treated in a comic down-to-earth manner. In the novella The Mischievous Uncle Nichifor (1877) the hero is a peasant who embodies folk vitality and wit. In the stories “Uncle Ion Roată and Union” (1880) and “Uncle Ion Roată and Prince Cuza” (1883), Creangă's democratic peasant nature is most clearly expressed. In Childhood Reminiscences (1880–83) the peasant is depicted with vivid realism. Creangă’s style is rich in folk idioms and humorous juxtapositions. His works have been translated into many languages.

WORKS

Opere. Edited, with notes and glossary, by G. T. Kirileanu. Bucharest, 1957.
Opere. With an introductory article by V. P. Koroban. Kishinev, 1972.
In Russian translation:
Vospominaniia detstva. Moscow, 1955.
Izbrannoe. Kishinev, 1957.

REFERENCES

Boutière, J. La Vie et Voeuvre de Ion Creangd. Paris, 1930.
Omazhiu lui Ion Kriange. Kishinev, 1963.
Călinescu, G. Ion Creangd (Viaƫa şi opera), 2nd ed. Bucharest, 1966.
Rotaru, I. R. Ion Creangd: Biobibliografie de recomandare. Bucharest, 1959.

V. P. KOROBAN

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The performance is an adaptation of the Ion Creanga folk tale.
This is the place where Ion Creanga lived between 1872 and 1889 and where he wrote his entire work.
The "Saint Paraschiva" Church in Targu Frumos was founded by Petru Rares, aplace where, in 1859, Ion Creanga was ordained.
Ortgeist (the "spirit of the place") rather than Zeitgeist (the "spirit of the time") strikes the eye when the Romanian writer in general, and Ion Creanga in particular, is the case in question.
Ion Creanga goes to school for fear he should be punished.
Small wonder, then, that such writers are described as "fatherless men abandoned by a past that they in turn reject" (Miller 1990)--a description that is as inadequate as could be for the Romanian writer in general, and Ion Creanga in particular.
Romanian village homes, if we judge by Mihail Sadoveanu and, to be sure, Ion Creanga, were not free from arguments, but they never degenerated.
No worry in such cases for Ion Creanga, he always had his parents or grandparents standing by.
And thus Ion Creanga grew up to be a nonconformist priest, a dedicated teacher and, last but not least, an eminent writer.
She has been awarded many prizes (The Romanian Academy's Ion Creanga Prize for the novel Lizoanca la 11 ani (Lizoanca at the Age of Eleven), 2009, The Prize of the Writers' Union of Romania for the novel Fantoma din moara (The Ghost in the Mill), 2008, The Golden Medal of Schitul Darvari, for literary activity, 2008, The Prize of the Bucharest Writers Association for the novel Zogru, 2007, Convorbiri literare review Prize for Prose, 2006, The Ad Visum Prize for the novel Omuleful ro[section]u (The Little Red Man), 2005.
Universities, such as Social Work Departments of Moldova State University, ULIM, Ion Creanga Pedagogic
Varga Encoder and V Jichisului - Upgrading Road, Sidewalk, Storm Sewer and Culverts;- Corridor 4 Composed of Streets: Simon Barnutiu, Bp Hasdeu, Teilor, Ciceului Solidarity, Cheer, Petru Maior and Josef Attila - Upgrading Road, Sidewalk, Storm Sewer and Culverts;- Street Corridor 5 Composed of Liviu Rebreanu - Modernization, Sidewalk and Storm Sewer;- Corridor 5 Compound Street Nikita Stanescu - Upgrading Road, Sidewalk and Storm Sewer;- Corridor 7 Composed of Streets: Trajan Gh Baritiu, Ion Creanga, Grivitei, Il Caragiale and Nicolae Iorga - Upgrading Road, Sidewalk, Storm Sewer and Culverts;- Street Corridor 8 Compound Pinticului - Upgrading the Road, Sidewalks and Bridges;The Estimated Value of the Works Covered By This Procurement Procedure Is 57,134,952.