cyclotron

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Related to Ion cyclotron resonance: Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Source

cyclotron:

see particle acceleratorparticle accelerator,
apparatus used in nuclear physics to produce beams of energetic charged particles and to direct them against various targets. Such machines, popularly called atom smashers, are needed to observe objects as small as the atomic nucleus in studies of its
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.

Cyclotron

 

a resonance particle accelerator in which the magnetic guide field and the frequency of the accelerating electric field are constant in time. The particles, which may be protons or heavier ions, move in an uncoiled spiral. The highest possible energy of protons accelerated in a cyclotron is about 20 million electron volts and may reach 1 billion electron volts in an isochronous cyclotron. (SeeACCELERATOR, PARTICLE.)

cyclotron

[′sī·klə‚trän]
(nucleonics)
An accelerator in which charged particles are successively accelerated by a constant-frequency alternating electric field that is synchronized with movement of the particles on spiral paths in a constant magnetic field normal to their path. Also known as phasotron.

cyclotron

a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes
References in periodicals archive ?
Ruddy et al., "DART Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry for analysis of complex organic mixtures," International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol.
Use of saturates/ aromatics/resins/asphaltenes (SARA) fractionation to determine matrix effects in crude oil analysis by electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
(1987b) found that stimulating at "ion cyclotron resonance" conditions for the [K.sup.+] ion reduced diatom motility, which again centered on predicted field amplitudes and frequencies.
6 coal extracts by electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
Topics of this volume in the series include environmentally and occupationally encountered fields, endogenous electric fields in animals, magnetic properties of biological material, interactions of direct current and extremely low-frequency electric fields with biological materials and systems, magnetic field effects on free radical reactions, biological effects of static magnetic fields, the ion cyclotron resonance hypothesis, computational methods for predicting field intensity and temperature change, exposure assessment, electromagnetic imaging of biological systems.
Cerebrospinal fluid protein patterns in neurodegenerative disease revealed by liquid chromatography-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
He studied magnetic confinement and developed the ICRH heating of tokamaks (theory, antennas and experimentation) based on the minority ion cyclotron resonance.
A number of new capabilities were added to JET during the shutdown, including an ITER-like Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ICRH) system antenna.
(1) uses a sophisticated dual-source electrospray ionization-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry system to make the transthyretin molecular mass measurement and detect the variant protein.
This facility contains the first-ever 11.5-Tesla Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometer, as well as state-of-the-art 7- and 3.5-Tesla FTICRs.
Contract Awarded for Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry
will no longer provide antennae, sources or power supplies for the ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) system or the startup gyrotrons or power supplies for the electron resonance heating (ECRH) system, but will provide the ECRH transmission lines.