ionophore

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ionophore

[ī′än·ə‚fȯr]
(biochemistry)
Any of a class of compounds, generally cyclic, having the ability to carry ions across lipid barriers due to the property of cation selectivity; examples are valinomycin and nonactin.
References in periodicals archive ?
All three of the bacteria are vulnerable to ionophores such as monensin, a feed additive marketed under the trade name Rumensin.
McDevitt, who began the project as a Yale undergraduate, report developing self-assembling ionophore systems out of much smaller molecular subunits.
Ionophore antibiotics such as monensin are usually used to improve the efficiency of meat and milk production in ruminants.
Figure 17-14 Ionophores are products that improve the efficiency with which the animal is able to use feed energy to meet maintenance needs.
Ionophores help control the protozoan disease coccidiosis.
The same mineral vitamin supplement, but without monensin, was used for the treatment without ionophores.
Although ionophores are the most common compounds used to prevent infection, continuous use of these molecules has created resistance and new molecules have not been developed.
Our previous observations that synthesis of synaptosomal protein is strongly inhibited by calcium ionophores and other compounds known to increase the intracellular levels of [Ca.
The doses of the ionophores were hand-weighed using a precision balance (Ohaus, mod AS612, Pine Brook, NJ, USA) and premixed in a 2.
2+] waves that can be induced by factors such as sperm, pricking, calcium ionophores, and injected [IP.
Feed additives such as organic acids, ionophores, halogen compounds and other antibiotics were used to modify ruminal fermentation, affect ruminal methanogenesis and improve animal performance (Chalupa, 1988; Martin et al.
However, inhibitory effects were also induced by both ionophores in calcium-free ASW supplemented with EGTA (1 mM).