One is yet another Greek historian, Diodorus Siculus, when telling of the preparations made by the Persian monarch Artaxerxes II toward subordinating Egypt: "The Persian army gathered at the city of Ake, numbering two hundred thousand barbarians led by Pharnabazus, and twenty thousand Greek mercenaries under the command of Iphicrates
. Of the fleet, the triremes numbered three hundred and the thirty-oared ships two hundred.
(38) And still later, Athens--the archenemy--gave one of its best generals, Iphicrates
, on loan to Persia for the recovery of Egypt.
129--146) should also contain two sections on explicit narratorial interventions (which, she argues, have important implications for Xenophon's narrative as a whole): one on Teleutias the Spartan and one on Iphicrates
the Athenian in the Hellenica, as well as a section on "Implicit forms of evaluation" employed by secondary narrators; likewise, it is fitting that de Jong's chapter on Herodotus (pp.
Iphicrates Gregor Truter Harlequin Guy Dartnell Trivelin Crispin Redman Euphrosine Amanda Harris Cleanthis Anita Dobson Benefaction is becominga theme of this London theater season, between Christopher Shinn's "Where Do We Live," the upcoming revival of Michael Frayn's "Benefactors" and Pierre Marivaux's 18th-century contribution, "The Island of Slaves," to a timeless issue.
As the play begins, Iphicrates (Gregor Truter) and Harlequin (Guy Dartnell) are pondering their arrival on the Island of Slaves, joint survivors of a smash at sea.
Not only was it difficult to enter a walled town, but travel on the roads of a hostile state was also risky: in Persia garrisons were placed in forts on the system of royal roads; Iphicrates, a famous Athenian general, sent a false message along the Spartan roads, knowing it would fall into the hands of the guards and be carried to the enemy general; the members of the expedition to seize the Cadmeia (378 B.C.) when crossing the Theban border disguised themselves as hunters to allay the suspicions of any persons they met.(47)
Polyaenus (3.9.20) relates how Iphicrates; used such a stratagem.
In 379 Pharnabazus informed the Athenians that if they did not summon back Chabrias, who was serving as a private mercenary commander for the Egyptian king Achoris against Persia, they risked losing Persia's favour:(7) they recalled their citizen, and further bowed to the demand that they send Iphicrates
out to act as a general for the Persian forces.
Dover's second example is Aristotle's attribution to Iphicrates
of the following quotation: `My path of words is through the midst of Chares' actions' (1411b1-3).
He writes that when Socrates inspired the general Iphicrates
by showing him Meidias' fighting-cock, a bystander named Glauconides |saw fit to acquire it for the polis, as if it were a pheasant or peacock'.(8) There would have been nothing particularly remarkable, perhaps, about the acquisition of exotic birds for the community, whereas the fighting-cock was normally beneath consideration.
Pausanias' account however confuses the escort battalion of hoplites who are wiped out by Iphicrates
in Xenophon's account, with the Amyclaeans they had escorted (Hell.
The Persian Wars were |a training ground for the murderous years of the Peloponnesian War'.(27) Barely two decades after Demosthenes' death, another Athenian general very like him, one Iphicrates
, was making his name as a leader of peltasts; and in 367, 12,000 young Athenians flocked to serve under the man who had used peltasts to destroy a Spartan mora (Xen.