Iquique(redirected from Iquique, Chile)
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Iquique(ēkē`kā), city (1990 est. pop. 148,500), capital of Iquique prov., N Chile. A port on the Pacific, it exports nitrates and ore from the Atacama Desert. The city, founded in the 16th cent., was taken (1879) from Peru by Chile during the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
..... Click the link for more information. ). Since rain rarely falls, water must be brought from 60 mi (97 km) away. The city has fine beaches and excellent deep-sea fishing. Iquique, like much of Chile, is subject to powerful earthquakes; the most recent major earthquakes were in 2005 and 2014.
a port in N Chile: oil refineries. Pop.: 243 000 (2005 est.)