The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(title, Jalal al-Mamalik). Born October 1874 in Tabriz; died March 1926 in Tehran. Persian poet.

Iraj-Mirza was the son of an impoverished Qajar prince. In his poetry democratic and anti-imperialistic ideas find expression (“Worker and Master”). He ridiculed the hypocrisy of the clergy (“Tears of the Sheikh”) and battled against religious fanaticism. He also wrote about the servile position of women (“Yashmak” and “The Book About the Yashmak,” a fragment of the satirical poem Arif-name). Iraj-Mirza’s best lyric poems are “Mother” and “A Mother’s Heart.”


Diwan al-Shi’r Shaykh zaydi Iraj-Mirza. Tehran, A.H. 1311 (A.D. 1932).


Vorozheikina, Z. N. Iredzh-Mirza. Moscow, 1961.
Khayri Hadi. Afkar wa Ashar Iraj, 2nd ed. Tehran, A.H. 1334 (A.D. 1956).
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.