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Iram(ī`răm), in the Bible, duke of EdomEdom
, mountainous country, called also Mt. Seir. According to the Book of Genesis, it was given to Esau, also called Edom, and his descendants. It extended along the eastern border of the Arabah valley, from the Dead Sea to Elat.
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IRAM(ÿ -ram) Abbrev. for Institute de Radio Astronomie Millimetrique. A French, German, and Spanish collaborative institute set up in 1979 for millimeter astronomy. The main instruments are a 30-meter dish on Pico Veleta in the Sierra Nevada (Southern Spain) operating between 70 and 345 GHz, and a five-element interferometer built on the Plateau de Bure, south of Grenoble, France. The interferometer dishes are 15 meters in diameter and placed on a T-shaped track with arm lengths of 408 m and 232 m. It operates at frequencies between 80 and 115 GHz.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006