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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Sverdlovsk Oblast, RSFSR; situated at the confluence of the Irbit and Nitsa rivers (Ob’ basin); a railroad station on the Sverdlovsk-Tavda line. Population, 49,000 (1970).

Irbit arose in 1631 as an agricultural settlement, whose advantageous position on a trade route led to the legitimization of the Irbit Fair in 1643. Trades and crafts such as flour-grinding, blacksmithing, pottery, tanning, and soap-making were developed. In 1775 the settlement became a city. In the 1870’s and 1880’s the Irbit Fair had a turnover of 60 million rubles.

The Trans-Siberian Railroad by-passed Irbit, and it began to lose its commercial significance. Soviet power was established there on Jan. 15 (28), 1918. During the years of Soviet power, factories were built in the city producing motorcycles, trailers, glass, chemical, and pharmaceutical items; bricks; and clothing. Irbit has a motorcycle technicum, a medical school, a pedagogical school, a drama theater, a museum of local lore, and a gallery.


Boiko, V. N., and Ia. L. Gershtein. Irbit. Sverdlovsk, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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14 June 2013 -- US financial services firm GE Capital (NYSE: GE) said that its Commercial Distribution Finance business will provide inventory financing to dealerships that carry Russian Ural Motorcycles distributed by Washington, USA-based Irbit Motorworks of America, Inc.
Bill Purvis, who runs Sidecar Safari in Tideswell, Derbyshire, uses a classic Ural Tourist 750 bike made in Irbit, Siberia, on four sightseeing routes around the country's oldest National Park, ranging from two hours to a full day.
I know from experience that foreign carabiners such as the French- and German-manufactured Irbit have failed when someone falls from a rock face, if the gate has to bear the load.
Investment Casting--Uralmash, Kalinin Machine Building Plant, Irbit Motorcycle Plant, and others;