Ireland, John

Ireland, John,

1879–1962, English composer. Inspired by visits to the Channel Islands, he wrote music of a simple, rugged beauty. His many songs include the cycle Songs of a Wayfarer (1903) and Sea Fever (1913), to the poem by John Masefield. In addition to songs, chamber music, and piano pieces, Ireland wrote orchestral music.

Ireland, John

(īr`lənd), 1838–1918, American Roman Catholic prelate, first archbishop of St. Paul, Minn. (1888–1918), b. Co. Kilkenny, Ireland. He emigrated to St. Paul in childhood. He was educated at French seminaries, was ordained (1861), and soon enlisted as a chaplain in the Civil War. He became prominent when he was cathedral pastor (1867–75) at St. Paul, as a strong advocate of total abstinence, opposing the liquor interests, and as an opponent of political corruption. In 1875 he was made coadjutor bishop of St. Paul and in 1884 bishop; in 1888 his see was made archiepiscopal. Bishop Ireland was an energetic spokesman for liberal American Catholicism. He gained many enemies by advocating state support and inspection of Catholic schools and by opposing the use of foreign languages in American Catholic churches, except in extreme need, and in parochial schools under any circumstances. He was in favor of Western settlement by immigrants, who could thereby escape the poverty of the Eastern urban environment. He continually made public statements on political matters, and he was a close personal friend of Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt.


See biography by J. H. Moynihan (1953).

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Ireland, John

(1838–1919) Catholic prelate; born in County Kilkenny, Ireland. Emigrating to the U.S.A. with his parents (1849) and settling in St. Paul, Minn., he later studied in France and was ordained a priest (1861). He was a Civil War chaplain and cathedral rector before being named coadjutor bishop of St. Paul (1875). In 1884 Ireland became bishop of St. Paul, which was made an archdiocese four years later. Regarded as a liberal and possible target of an 1899 papal encyclical condemning "Americanism," he took stands on many controversial issues, as in his "Faribault plan" for state support of parochial schools.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
VISION Dermot McArdle of Electric Ireland, John D'Arcy of The Open University and NI Chamber's Louise Turley
Family drama, starring Kathy Ireland, John Dye, Michael Gilden and Douglas Campbell.
Head of Retail Cards and Loans, Bank of Ireland, John O'Beirne, said "The launch of our new 7.5% APR* loan rate reflects renewed economic confidence which is driving our customers to invest in their homes.
The give the story of pre-spiritualist "mediumship," spiritualism's spread in Europe, key historic figures, case studies of spiritualism today, shamanic awareness, Italian spiritualism and opposition of the Catholic Church, spiritualism and the origins of modern psychology, spiritualism in Denmark and Iceland, involvement by William James and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Jung's take on the spirits, spiritualism in a globalized Ireland, John of God and the Casa de Dom Inacio, spiritualist phenomena, the debate over evidence, and conflict and cooperation between science and spiritualism.
Nine years after opening his account in Ireland, John Adam's veteran ex-chaser See You There proved he is still a force to be reckoned with by scoring first time out at Alnwick for the second season in a row.
The prime minister of Ireland, John Bruton, has said that the Irish banking debt was now a global responsibility.
After three years of tours in Northern Ireland, John tried his hand at training new recruits at the Army Foundation College Harrogate.
Houllier has had issues with Richard Dunne, Stephen Ireland, John Carew and Habib Beye, but his players showed their commitment to the cause at Chelsea.
He is keen to get rid of Richard Dunne, Stephen Ireland, John Carew and James Collins, and all have been involved in potential exit deals in the past few days.
ASTON Villa boss Gerard Houllier could cull as many as nine players from his first team including Steven Ireland, John Carew, Richard Dunne, Stephen Warnock and Luke Young.
However, there were a number of European purchasers who were active last year missing this time around, notably BBA Ireland, John Gosden, Mark Johnston, John McCormack, Frederic Sauque, Anthony Stroud and Gordian Troeller.