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see HoraeHorae
, in Greek religion and mythology, goddesses of the seasons; daughters of Zeus and Themis. Although they controlled the recurrence of the seasons, they also attended other gods and had no cults of their own. The number and names of the Horae differed from region to region.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Irene), in Greek mythology, the goddess of peace and either the nurse or mother of Plutus, the god of wealth.

Aristophanes’ comedy Eirene (421 B.C.) depicts the goddess’ liberation from the cavern in which the fierce god of war had immured her. A statue by Cephisodotus (first half of the fourth century B.C.) of the beautiful goddess carrying the infant Plutus was erected in Athens circa 374 B.C. The statue survives through various Roman copies, such as the one in the Glyptothek in Munich.

Eirene was venerated in Rome under the name of Pax. In 1957 an international organization of classical scholars from socialist countries was founded under the name “Eirene”; its journal also bears the goddess’ name.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.