Iridaceae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Iridaceae: Juncaceae, Liliales, Orchidaceae, Onagraceae

Iridaceae

[‚ir·ə′dās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of monocotyledonous herbs in the order Liliales distinguished by three stamens and an inferior ovary.
References in periodicals archive ?
Crocus thracicus (Iridaceae), a new species from north-western Turkey.
Classes FAMILIES SPECIES Monocotyledones Poaceae Phragmites australis Hordeum murinum Lolium multiflorum Paspalum distichum Avena sterilis Bromus hordeaceus Poa annua Graminees indeterminees Typhaceae Typha anguistifolia Cyperaceae Scirpus maritimus Dicotyledones Convolvulaceae Calystegia sepium Plantaginaceae Plantago Lanceolata Iridaceae Iris pseudacurus Fabaceae Trifolium repens Polygonaceae Polygonum lapathifolium Rumex conglumeratus Apiaceae Apium nodiflorum Asteraceae Sonchus teneremu Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium sp.
Oil-producing flowers within the Iridoideae (Iridaceae): evolutionary trends in the flowers of the New World genera.
The families of plants visited for nectar and pollens belonged to Asteraceae Cisteraceae Cucurbitaceae Ebenaceae Fabaceae Iridaceae Lamiaceae Malvaceae Myrtaceae Plantaginaceae Rosaceae Solanaceae and Verbenaceae.
Building on the recent identification of plants from die Solanaceae (such as potato, tomato, aubergine) and Iridaceae (such as saffron, crocus, freesia) families as promising sources of bioactive compounds for human health and the treatment of degenerative disease, the EU-funded DISCO project aims to further investigate these natural, sustainable sources and to fine-tune procedures to generate greater levels of, as well as extract, these bio-compounds.
Stigma of saffron (a member of the family Iridaceae) was found to be significantly more effective than placebo and equally as efficacious as fluoxetine and imipramine in treating depression.
Finally with only one species we can mention: Cupressaceae (Juniperus communis L.), Geraniaceae (Pelargonium capitatum Ait.), Iridaceae (Iris germanica L.), Lythraceae: (Lawsonia inermis L.), Papaveraceae (Papaver rhoeas L.), Rutaceae (Citrus aurantium L.), Verbenaceae (Verbena officinalis L.), Rosaceae (Rosa centifolia Mill.) or Chenopodiaceae (Chenopodium ambrosioides L.).
Freesia belongs to Iridaceae family and is native to Africa.
Crocus is a genus in the family Iridaceae. Each saffron crocus grows to 20-30 cm (8-12 in) and bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas, which are each the distal end of a carpel.