Iridoviridae


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Iridoviridae

[i‚rid·ə′vir·ə‚dē]
(virology)
A family of double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid-containing animal viruses that infects invertebrates and is characterized by an icosahedral virion that has a yellow-green glow in centrifuged pellets.
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Here, we focus on ranaviruses from the family Iridoviridae that have caused large economiclosses in Europe and Asia and threaten wildlife biodiversity worldwide.
Ranaviruses are distinguished from other members of the Iridoviridae by their major capsid protein sequence and are commonly categorized into several sub-categories using them.
Ranavirosis is caused by ico-sahedral cytoplasmic DNA viruses that belong to the family Iridoviridae, in particular by 4 species of Ranavirus: Frog Virus 3 (FV3), Bohle iridovirus, Ambystoma tigrinum virus, and a possible species Rana catesbeiana virus Z.
Viruses reported in marine shellfish include Herperviridae, Iridoviridae, Papovaridae, Togaviridae, Retroviridae, Reviridae, and Paramyxoviridae.