Irnerius of Bologna and his glossators--it was not until 1882 that
("Irnerius, at the beginning of the twelfth century, opened the
The topics include Irnerius
and the Roman law of Justinian, the beginning of university teaching and groundwork for corpus iuris canonici, territorial laws and various social categories and institutions, perfecting and consolidating the system, and justice and its institutions.
(63) Those customs and laws, however, were also influenced by Germanic and Frankish as well as Roman law, which itself was undergoing a revival at the University of Bologna under Irnerius
and Peter's contemporary, Gratian.
(28) The focus at Bologna was Roman Law (Irnerius taught there between 1116 and 1140) (29) and by about 1140, Canon Law.
The key figures include Irnerius, who first taught and commented on Roman Law at Bologna from ca.
Not only was canon law studied, but the revival of the Roman civil law with which the name of Irnerius
is associated made available, with critical comment, the inheritance of Justinian's legal system.
Bologna owed its preeminence as a center of law not only to Irnerius
and Gratian but to its political connections with the papacy.