Iroquoian Languages

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Iroquoian Languages

 

a group of closely related North American Indian languages in the northeastern part of the USA and adjacent regions of Canada. The group includes Iroquois, Erie, Seneca, Oneida, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Huron, and Cherokee. Together with the Caddo, Pawnee, Arikara, and some other languages in the central part of the USA, the Iroquoian languages are sometimes grouped in the Iroquois-Caddoan family, which is provisionally included in the more extensive Hokan-Siouan family.

The phonetic system of the Iroquoian languages has fewer than 20 phonemes with a high percentage of vowels. Noun morphology is considerably poorer than verb morphology. The verb is polysynthetic and, in addition to a rich system of affixation, uses incorporation of the direct object. It constitutes the nucleus of the sentence. The Iroquoian languages have well-developed derivation. A syllabic writing system consisting of 85 characters, which was created in the early 19th century by an American Indian named Sequoyah, existed in Cherokee.

REFERENCES

Allen, L. “Siouan and Iroquoian.” International Journal of American Linguistics, 1931, vol. 6, nos. 3–4.
Bender, E. “Cherokee.” International Journal of American Linguistics, 1949, vol. 15, no. 3.
Holmer, N. M. The Character of the Iroquoian Languages. Uppsala, 1952.
Holmer, N. M. The Seneca Language. Uppsala-Copenhagen, 1954.

G. A. KLIMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fort's parsonage was built a mile east and there Mohawk leader Joseph Brant translated the Anglican Book of Common Prayer into the Iroquois language. When war broke out, Deserontyon was garrisoned and Fort Hunter became part of a British network of fortifications running the length of the valley.
'Ganowanian' for Amerindians, was a combination of 'bow' and 'arrow' in the Seneca dialect of the Iroquois language, thus 'the family of the Bow and Arrow', which followed Muller's suggestion of 'Aryan' for 'one who ploughs or tills' (Morgan 1868:438, 1871:131).
He learned the Iroquois language and joined in the Mohawk's music, dancing, and sports.