Irvine, William(ûr`vĭn), 1741–1804, American soldier, b. Ireland. He studied medicine in Ireland and after 1764 practiced in Carlisle, Pa. He was called to service as colonel of a Pennsylvania regiment and later as brigadier general in the Continental Army in the Revolution. In 1781 he was given command of Fort Pitt and the Western frontier, serving until 1783. While acting as agent (1785) to select the free lands promised to Pennsylvania troops, he recommended that Pennsylvania purchase the Erie Triangle (see PennsylvaniaPennsylvania
, one of the Middle Atlantic states of the United States. It is bordered by New Jersey, across the Delaware River (E), Delaware (SE), Maryland (S), West Virginia (SW), Ohio (W), and Lake Erie and New York (N).
..... Click the link for more information. ) from the United States. He was a member of the Continental Congress (1786–88), was sent (1793) as delegate to the 3d U.S. Congress, and was in command of Pennsylvania troops in the Whiskey RebellionWhiskey Rebellion,
1794, uprising in the Pennsylvania counties W of the Alleghenies, caused by Alexander Hamilton's excise tax of 1791. The settlers, mainly Scotch-Irish, for whom whiskey was an important economic commodity, resented the tax as discriminatory and detrimental to
..... Click the link for more information. (1794).