Isaac Bashevis Singer


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Singer, Isaac Bashevis

(bäshĕv`ĭs), 1904–91, American novelist and short-story writer in the Yiddish language, younger brother of I. J. SingerSinger, Isaac Merrit,
1811–75, American inventor, b. Rensselaer co., N.Y. As a child he lived in Oswego, N.Y. He patented in 1851 a practical sewing machine that could do continuous stitching.
..... Click the link for more information.
, b. Leoncin, Poland (then in Russia). The son of a provincial Hasidic rabbi (see HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
..... Click the link for more information.
), he moved to Warsaw in the early 1920s and became associated with the city's Yiddish literati. He emigrated to the United States in 1935 and worked in New York City as a journalist on the Yiddish-language Jewish Daily Forward, which also published much of his early fiction. In 1943 he became an American citizen. Singer's American career was launched a decade later when his story "Gimpel the Fool" was discovered by Irving HoweHowe, Irving,
1920–93, American literary and social critic, b. New York City. From his early days as a Trotskyist to his later (and lifelong) position as a democratic socialist, Howe criticized Stalinism and left-wing totalitarianism.
..... Click the link for more information.
, translated by Saul BellowBellow, Saul,
1915–2005, American novelist, b. Lachine, Que., as Solomon Bellow, grad. Northwestern Univ., 1937. Born of Russian-Jewish parents, he grew up in the slums of Montreal and Chicago, and lived mostly in Chicago with periods spent in New York and other cities;
..... Click the link for more information.
, and published in the Partisan Review.

Singer's work, often frankly sexual, draws heavily on Jewish folklore, religion, and mysticism and frequently deals with shtetl life in pre-Holocaust Eastern Europe. Many of his later works treat the loneliness of old age and the sense of alienation produced in Jews by the dissolution of values through assimilation with the Gentile world. His novels include Satan in Goray (1933, tr. 1955), The Family Moskat (1945, tr. 1950), The Slave (tr. 1962), The Manor (tr. 1967), Enemies (tr. 1972), Shosha (tr. 1978), The Penitent (tr. 1983), Scum (tr. 1991), and the posthumously published Shadows on the Hudson (tr. 1997).

Singer is also highly regarded for his hundreds of vivid, imaginative, perceptive, and witty short stories. Collections include Gimpel the Fool (tr. 1961), The Spinoza of Market Street (tr. 1961), Old Love (tr. 1979), and The Death of Methuselah (tr. 1985). In 2004 his Collected Stories, in English translation, were published in three volumes. Singer also wrote books for children and several plays, notably The Mirror (tr. 1973). Though he wrote in Yiddish, he was fluent in English and closely supervised the English translations of his works. In 1978 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature, the first Yiddish-language author to be so honored.

Bibliography

See his autobiographical In My Father's Court (1966); his memoirs, A Little Boy in Search of God (1976), A Young Man in Search of Love (1978), Lost in America (1979), and Love and Exile (1984); biographies by P. Kresh (1979), C. Sinclair (1983), J. Hadda (1997), and F. Noiville (2006); I. Stavans, ed., Isaac Bashevis Singer: An Album (2004); studies by E. Alexander (1980), D. N. Miller (1985), and G. Farrell and B. Farrell, ed. (1996).

Singer, Isaac Bashevis (Isaac Bashevis, Isaac Warshofsky, pen names)

(1904–91) writer; born in Radzmin, Poland (brother of Israel Singer). He attended a rabbinical seminary (1920–27), but decided upon a secular life and worked for the Hebrew and then for the Yiddish press (1923–35). Concerned by the threat of Nazism, he emigrated to New York City (1935), and worked as a staff member for the Jewish Daily Forward, where most of his work was first published in Yiddish. He wrote novels, short stories, children's books, plays, and memoirs, first in Yiddish and then translated into English under his supervision. He is best known for his novels and short stories set in the Jewish ghettos of Eastern Europe, as in The Family Moskat (1950) and A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories (1973). He was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in literature.
References in periodicals archive ?
To me a pigeon is a part of my community."(48) In part, the public affection coincided with the development of Isaac Bashevis Singer; over the years, the sight of the little old man feeding pigeons on the Upper West Side became increasingly familiar to his admirers.
I follow the writer's own practice of signing his work Yitskhok Bashevis in Yiddish and Isaac Bashevis Singer in English translation.
(6.) Diana Cooper-Clark, "Living on the Edge: An Interview with Isaac Bashevis Singer," London Magazine, 23:12 (Marcia 1984), p.
Isaac Bashevis Singer spent the last 14 years of his life in Surfside, just north of Miami Beach, while he taught creative writing at the University of Miami in Coral Gables from 1978 to 1988 and wrote some 11 books.
David Roskies' delightful journey through Yiddish-American writing includes valuable analyses of works by Morris Rosenfeld, Sholem Asch, Moyshe-Leyb Halpern, and Isaac Bashevis Singer. An essay by Ruth Wisse recalls the post-World War II Jewish American literary renaissance with references to Saul Bellow, Bernard Malamud, and Philip Roth, concluding with a provocative analysis of Roth's The Human Stain.
"So you think Isaac Bashevis Singer is a great writer?" he asked sarcastically, just about the time when I.B.
there it will join the archives of such Jewish writers as Norman Mailer, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Bernard Malamud, Leon Uris, and David Mamet, as well as that of the Jewish acting maven Stella Adler and the papers of Ferdinand Fornizetti, the commandant of the prison where Alfred Dreyfus was first held.
To cite an illustration from my personal experience, I helped lift to his feet the incomparable Yiddish poet Itzik Manger, drunk in a Brooklyn stairwell, as he clutched on to me shouting, "ikh bin a dikhter far toyte," "I'm a poet for the dead!" (Seth Wolitz, The Hidden Isaac Bashevis Singer, ed.
Keats was friendly with Isaac Bashevis Singer, and this show includes a 1971 letter to the famed author.
These include Neil Simon stories Lost in Yonkers and Brighton Beach Memoirs, several Menahem Golan films, such as Hanna's War and The Magician of Lublin (based on an Isaac Bashevis Singer story), biblical films like The Ten Commandments and The Prince of Egypt, the Academy Award-winning Driving Miss Daisy, Chariots of Fire and more.