Isaiah

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Isaiah

(īzā`yə, īsā`–), prophetic book of the Bible. It is a collection of prophecies from a 300-year period attributed to Isaiah, who may have been a priest. Some scholars argue that a long-lived "school" of Isaiah preserved his oracles and supplemented them in succeeding centuries. He received his call to prophesy in the year of King Uzziah's death (c.742 B.C.) and preached during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. His message was partly political; he urged King Hezekiah to recognize the power of Assyria, then at its height, and not to ally himself with Egypt, as a party of nobles urged. Like other 8th-century prophets (Amos, Hosea, Micah), Isaiah indicts the people of God for perpetrating social injustice. The book falls into the following major sections. First are oracles of doom against Judah and Assyria interspersed with oracles of salvation in which a Davidic king and a renewed Jerusalem play prominent roles. These are followed by oracles against foreign nations and prophecies announcing the destruction and subsequent redemption of Zion. Next is an account (paralleled in 2 Kings) of Sennacherib's unsuccessful siege of Jerusalem and his assassination long after. The sickness of Hezekiah is recounted; his prayer and his subsequent recovery are followed by his reception of an embassy from Babylon and prophecy of captivity there. The rest of the book is divided into three parts—delivery from captivity, redemption from sin, and the redeemed state of Israel. The book contains prophecies interpreted by Christians as references to Christ; the most famous such prophecy is the vision of the suffering servant. Later biblical allusions to Isaiah are frequent. Among the Dead Sea ScrollsDead Sea Scrolls,
ancient leather and papyrus scrolls first discovered in 1947 in caves on the NW shore of the Dead Sea. Most of the documents were written or copied between the 1st cent. B.C. and the first half of the 1st cent. A.D.
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 are two manuscripts of the book of Isaiah dating from the 2d–1st cent. B.C. As pre-Masoretic texts, these are important witnesses for establishing the contours of the Hebrew text of Isaiah 1,000 years before the earliest extant manuscripts of the Masoretic text.

Bibliography

See C. Westermann, Isaiah 40–66 (1969); J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah 1–39 (1986).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Isaiah

 

Lived in the eighth century B.C. in Jerusalem. The first of the so-called major prophets of the Old Testament.

Isaiah’s first sermon dates from before 733 B.C.; his last are dated exactly at 701. Although he belonged to a noble (some think to a royal) family, Isaiah spoke out in sharp condemnation of social inequality and oppression of the poor and advocated the independence and self sufficiency of Judah. His ideal was universal peace and social justice, the realization of which he connected with the future rule of an ideal king.

Isaiah was the author of Chapters 1–33 and 36–39 of the Old Testament book bearing his name. The remaining chapters belong to an anonymous prophet who lived a century and a half after Isaiah and has arbitrarily been called Deutero-Isaiah.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Isaiah

foretells fall of Jerusalem; prophet of doom. [O.T.: Isaiah]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Isaiah

Old Testament
1. the first of the major Hebrew prophets, who lived in the 8th century bc
2. the book of his and others' prophecies
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Independent on the solitary or colonial feature, gall induction usually occurs in meristematic tissues (Mani, 1964; Alvarez, 2011; Dias et al., 2013a; Ferreira & Isaias, 2014; Fleury et al., 2015), but there are some cases in which parenchymatic or epidermal tissues are the oviposition sites (Oliveira & Isaias, 2010b; Ferreira & Isaias, 2013).
Histochemical analyses were performed on samples embedded in polyethylenoglycol (PEG 6000) (Ferreira, Teixeira, & Isaias, 2014) and sectioned in a rotary microtome at a thickness of 25 pm, or on free-hand sections (using razor blades) obtained from recently collected non-galled and galled samples.
Isaias and Abiy signed a "joint declaration of peace and friendship" on Monday, Eritrea's information minister said.
Desde que vio la luz en el ano 2010 la nueva version de la Biblia de la Conferencia Episcopal Espanola se han publicado ya 11 volumenes de los 36 (o 38 si se cuentan los dos desdoblados de Salmos e Isaias) que se han previsto en la coleccion para comentar cada libro, lid como se senala en la presentacion que precede a cada volumen, se trata de <<comentarios que parten de un serio estudio del texto y sus variantes, de los sentidos de las palabras, del contexto historico y religioso, de las concepciones antropologicas y teologicas de fondo>> (vols.
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