Isfara(redirected from Isfara Valley)
a city (a settlement until 1952) in Leninabad Oblast, Tadzhik SSR. Located in the foothills of the Turkestan Range, on the Isfara River. Railroad station on the Kanibadam-Shurab branch of the Khavast-Kokand line. Population, 22,000 (1970). Isfara is the center of the largest region producing fruit and vegetables in the Tadzhik SSR. It is the site of a fruit cannery, a meat-packing plant, a distillery, and a dairy. There are also plants for the production of fodder (biomycin), mineral pigments, electrical machinery, and building plaster.
(known as the Aksu in its upper and the Karavshin in its middle course), a river in the Kirghiz SSR, Tadzhik SSR, and Uzbek SSR. Length, 130 km; basin area, 3,240 sq km. The river takes its source from the glaciers of the Turkestan Range. As it enters the Fergana Valley, it forms a broad alluvial fan. At its mouth the river links up with the Bol’shoi Fergana Canal. It is fed by glaciers and snow. Sixty percent of the annual flow occurs from July to September. The Isfara is used extensively for irrigation. The city of Isfara is located on the river.