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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the head and teacher of a Muslim community, usually belonging to one of the mystical sects (Dervish or Sufi); also, the head of the religious community in the Ishmaelite sect.

The word ishan means “they” in Persian; as early as the Middle Ages, it was used instead of a name when addressing the leaders and elders of the Sufi community. Exploiting the backwardness of the population, ishans played the role of sorcerers, medicine men, and soothsayers. In Soviet Middle Asia, communities headed by an ishan are few in number, isolated from one another, and anachronistic.


Klimovich, L. Islam v tsarskoi Rossii. Moscow, 1936. Pages 41–44, 121–25, 357–61, 380.
Klimovich, L. Islam, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1965. Pages 147–54, 172–95.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In another tweet from last Friday, young tipster Ishan Agarwal wrote that the upcoming OnePlus 7T Pro is expected to charge from 0 to 50 percent in 20 minutes and from 0 to 100 percent in 65 minutes.
Summary: Thiruvananthapuram (Kerela) [India], Aug 31 (ANI): Ishan Kishan played a 55-run knock off just 24 balls to hand India A a win by two wickets against South Africa A in the second ODI of the five-match series on Saturday.
I have, I conducted searches and roundups, While doing these on 26 April, we arrested a person called Ishan Ahmed from Dehiwela area.
"The feeling of wanting to create something for the community here in Dubai and the UAE has been silently brewing for many years," Ishan SenSarma, band member of PSB, told Gulf News during a chat at our office.
Summary: Like we go to the gym for our body, we need to have something for the mind and, as a discipline and a practice, that's what meditation is, says Ishan ...
It will help clients who want to customize their store to the smallest inch to empower their customers with greater choosing options," said Ishan Makkar, director of MakkPress Technologies.
With Mumbai reeling at 28/2, Quinton de Kock (19 off 18) and Ishan Kishan (17 off 21) tried to stabilise the innings.
The bank also appointed Ishan Sarkar as its head of structured products in SEA.
Ishan Jabir (23) and Piyush Udhao (22) were ISG's main scorers.
Scholarship winners include: Kimberly Han, 17, of Lake Forest, Illinois, who was the Illinois state winner in the 2016 MTNA Junior Piano Competition; Ishan Loomba, 16, of Albuquerque, New Mexico, who was the Southwest Division winner in the 2018 MTNA Senior Piano Competition; and Victor Shlyakhtenko, 16, of Los Angeles, California, who was the California state winner in both the 2017 MTNA Junior Piano Competition and the 2017 Junior Composition Competition.
The 32-year-old Zimbabwe Test player (pictured below) arrived only the previous night, but his 105 off 99 balls helped take his side to 249-9 against Scholes, who were again without injured Sri Lankan Ishan Rangana.
Hardik Pandya, Ishan Kishan, and Suryakumar Yadav attracted a large crowd to watch and cheer them on as they played a Taiwan-made cricket VR game Friday evening, according to CNA.