Ishmael

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Ishmael

(ĭsh`māĕl) [Heb.,=God hears], in the Bible. 1 Son of AbrahamAbraham
[according to the Book of Genesis, Heb.,=father of many nations] or Abram
[Heb.,=exalted father], in the Bible, progenitor of the Hebrews; in the Qur'an, ancestor of the Arabs.
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 and HagarHagar
or Agar
, according to the Book of Genesis, servant of Abraham's wife Sarah and mother of his eldest son, Ishmael. She and her son were sent out into the wilderness because of Sarah's jealousy. An angel aided her there.
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; ancestor of 12 tribes in N Arabia. Through SaraSara
or Sarah,
in the Bible, wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac. With Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah, she was one of the four Hebrew matriarchs. Her name was originally Sarai [Heb.,=princess]. She was childless until, by divine favor, she gave birth to Isaac in her old age.
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's jealousy he and his mother were sent into the desert, where the angel of the Lord encountered them at a spring. Ishmael married an Egyptian and fathered 12 sons and a daughter. He was the half-brother of IsaacIsaac
[Heb.,=laughter], according to the patriarchal narratives of the Book of Genesis, Isaac was the only son of Abraham and Sara. He married Rebecca, and their sons were Esau and Jacob. Ishmael was his half-brother.
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 and was EsauEsau
[Heb.,=hairy], in the Bible, son of Isaac, who sold his birthright to his younger twin, Jacob, for lentil stew and who was tricked by Jacob out of his father's blessing. Also known as Edom [Heb.,=ruddy], the disinherited Esau settled on Mt.
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's father-in-law. In Islam, Ishmael is considered a prophet. The spring is traditionally identified with a Meccan well near the KaabaKaaba
or Caaba
[Arab.,=cube], the central, cubic, stone structure, covered by a black cloth, within the Great Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The sacred nature of the site predates Islam: tradition says that the Kaaba was built by Adam and rebuilt by Abraham and the
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, which Muslims believe was built by Ishmael and Abraham. Muslims recognize Arabs as Ishmael's descendants, thus distinguishing them from the Israelites, the descendants of Isaac. The Bible does not clarify the peoples called Ishmaelites (or Ishmeelites); the term is generally regarded as referring to caravan traders. 2 In First Chronicles, descendant of SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
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. 3 Ancestor of the Zebediah of Jehoshaphat's court in Second Chronicles. 4 Ally of Jehoiada in Second Chronicles. 5 Priest separated from his foreign wife in the Book of Ezra. 6 Assassin of GedaliahGedaliah
, in the Bible. 1 Son of Jeremiah's protector Ahikam and guardian under Nebuchadnezzar of the Jews who were exempt from the Captivity. He was treacherously murdered, and the day of his death in the seventh month is still observed as a Jewish fast.
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.

Ishmael

 

according to Biblical legend, the son of Abraham and his concubine Hagar. When his wife Sarah gave birth to Isaac, Abraham drove Hagar and Ishmael into the desert at Sarah’s urgent request. Ishmael became the forefather of the Arabs. The image of Ishmael occupies an important place in Arab historical legends and in the Koran, where Ishmael is regarded as one of the prophets and precursors of Muhammad.

Ishmael

the only one to escape when the Pequod is wrecked by the white whale. [Am. Lit.: Melville, Moby Dick]
See: Escape

Ishmael

“the wanderer” aboard Ahab’s ship. [Am. Lit.: Moby Dick]

Ishmael

1. the son of Abraham and Hagar, Sarah's handmaid: the ancestor of 12 Arabian tribes (Genesis 21:8--21; 25:12--18)
2. a bandit chieftain, who defied the Babylonian conquerors of Judah and assassinated the governor appointed by Nebuchadnezzar (II Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:13--41:18)
3. Rare an outcast
References in periodicals archive ?
It must be assumed that there was only one passing caravan in this event, one that carried both the Midianites (37:28) and the Ishmaelites (37:25), otherwise the later references to Ishmaelites (37:28, 39:1) become inexplicable.
In lines that invoked not only his grandmother Mary Ann Cave's Indian lineage, but, Avanel, the Ishmaelite heroine of the New Springfield, he intoned,
Announcing his purpose of seizing Jerusalem from the "Ishmaelites," the noble asks Rashi's counsel on the prospect of success.
An article appearing in the Sparta Ishmaelite a few months before Toomer's arrival announced that 10,000 people were dying of starvation throughout the South because of the failure of the cotton crop (22 July 1921: 3).
Duret, Thresor, 440.) Spenser's reference to 'Africk Ismaell' shows that he too took the Ishmaelite origin of the Saracens for granted.
136 Lord Milner once described himself as "a free lance, a political Ishmaelite who has found hospitality in the Unionist camp." Lord Milner, "A Political Ishmaelite." Address at Wolverhampton, 17 Dec.
31:24) and yishme'eli, "Ishmaelite", means a caravan trader (Gen.
Other mixed marriages reported without censure from the tribe of Judah include Judah himself with Bath-shua, a Canaanite (1 Chr 2:3); Jether the Ishmaelite with Abigail the sister of David (1 Chr 2:17); David with Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur (1 Chr 3:2); a Judahite Mered with Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh (1 Chr 4:18); (8) and some of the descendants of Judah's son Shelah with Moabites (1 Chr 4:22).
All these matters relating to Jesus of Nazareth and the Ishmaelite who came after him, only served to clear the way for the king Messiah, to prepare the whole world to worship God with one accord....
For medieval Europeans, the desert was where Hagar, the mother of the lawless Ishmaelite race, was exiled (Bietenholz 2-5).
The assimilated nature of Pissaro's art may be hard to refute, but Berenson's remarkable leap from Maccabaean coinage to the avant garde movements of his own youth suggests that for him the problem is racial.(69) He himself entertains this possibility: "The Jews like their Ishmaelite cousins the Arabs, and indeed perhaps like all pure Semites (if such there be), have displayed little talent for the visual, and almost none for the figure arts."
From The Descendant, her first novel with its illegitimate poor-white protagonist, onwards, reviewers responded positively to her revolt against the region's class system, even when they could not avoid euphemisms - Ishmaelite, swineherd, child of shame, postbellum man of very humble origin, and so on - in designating such characters.