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(əshkhəbät`), formerly


city (1991 pop. 412,200), capital of Turkmenistan, near the border with Iran, on the Trans-Caspian RR. The city has textile, motion picture, and crafts industries. Ashgabat was founded in 1881 as a fortress. From 1919 to 1927 it was named Poltoratsk. An earthquake in 1948 virtually destroyed the city, which stands in a major fault zone. The southern section of the city has been extensively developed since the 1990s, with wide boulevards and monumental buildings, many them clad in white marble. The Turkmen Academy of Sciences is in Ashgabat.
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, Ashgabat
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop.: 598 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
All he wants is peace and love in the Ishqabad kingdom.
The trip comes within the company's efforts to activate Ishqabad agreement, which the Sultanate joined as per the Royal Decree (No.108/2011).
Summary: Ishqabad, Turkmenistan, Safar 15, 1432, Jan 19, 2011, SPA -- Dr.
(The world's first Baha'i House of Worship was built in Ishqabad (now known as Ashgabat) in Russian Turkistan (now Turkmenistan).
Summary: Ishqabad, Turkmenistan, Safar 15, 1432, Jan 19, 2011, SPA -- Saudi Ambassador to Turkmenistan Turki bin Khalid bin Hashr held a dinner party here this evening in honor of visiting Dr.