Comte de Lautréamont

(redirected from Isidore Ducasse)

Lautréamont, Comte de

 

(pseudonym of Isidore Ducasse). Born Apr. 4, 1846, in Montevideo; died Nov. 24, 1870, in Paris. French poet.

Lautréamont left a paradoxical poetic legacy. He initially expounded a violent rejection of the moral and social principles of modern society in the poem Les Chants de Maldoror (1868-69; published in full, 1890); with the same force and conviction he denounced what he considered the unwholesome excesses of European romanticism in the collection Poems: Preface to a Future Book (1870). The first book contained finished prose poems united by a single hero and the intricate plotting of horror fiction; the second was a series of lively aphorisms, in which Lautreamont sang of goodness and of boundless faith in man’s strength and his future.

Lautréamont’s works, rediscovered in the 20th century by the surrealists, foreshadowed the tragic floundering of Western European poetry in its course from symbolism to futurism. Both the modernist and the realistic traditions of modern French poetry (P. Eluard, L. Aragon) proceed from Lautréamont’s work.

REFERENCES

Gourmont, R. de. Kniga masok. St. Petersburg, 1913. (Translated from French.)
Balashov, N. “Neotrazimosf Eluara.” In Poeziia sotsializma. Moscow, 1969. Pages 77-80, 101, 102.
Lautréamont: Une etude par Ph. Soupault. Extrait, documents, bibliographie. [Paris, 1946.]
Bachelard, G. Lautreamont, new ed. Paris, 1956.
Pleynet, M. Lautreamont par lui-meme. Paris, 1967.
Lautréamont. Published under the direction of M. Chaleil. [Toulouse, 1971.]
Philip, M. Lectures de Lautréamont. Paris [1971].

N. N. POLIANSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Like an updated version of Man Ray's felt- and string-wrapped bundle The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse, 1920, the object hidden in plain sight piques curiosity and makes for prying spectators.
LES Chants de Maldoror sortent de l'ombre en 1874, quatre ans apres la mort encore inexpliquee de l'auteur, Isidore Ducasse dit le comte de Lautreamont.
It's a solo outing whose 10 selections were inspired by poems in the surrealist collection "Chants du Maldoror" by the 19th century poet Isidore Ducasse (aka Comte de Lautremont).
Intertextuality or Influence: Kristeva, Bloom and the Poesies of Isidore Ducasse.
We could begin the story this time around 1867, when the young Isidore Ducasse - not yet Comte de Lautreamont - decides to move into a furnished room on the Right Bank of Paris, and when, in 1868, he gives "Le Premier Chant" of Les Chants de Maldoror to the publisher Balitout.
Rather than consider the complexity of my interpretation, she claims that the "basis of [my] argument for a 'Jewish' iconography in Man Ray's work" rests on a few well-known pieces--the famous iron, Cadeau (Gift), 1921/1958; The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse, 1921/1971; and the late painting La Rue Ferou, 1952.
Selected from a guide to "supernatural Paris," these sites include the death place of Isidore Ducasse, who was among the first to take up the techniques of appropriation; Jim Morrison's tomb; and the home of Tristan Tzara, father of the random cutup poem.
The upper floor shows Austrian inventions: Auer's lamp and its use by Duchamp; Madersperger's sewing machine with Lautreamont's poetic image and Man Ray's The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse, 1920; Franz Gellmann's World Machine with Tinguely's late multicolored and brightly lit sculptures.