Comte de Lautréamont

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lautréamont, Comte de

 

(pseudonym of Isidore Ducasse). Born Apr. 4, 1846, in Montevideo; died Nov. 24, 1870, in Paris. French poet.

Lautréamont left a paradoxical poetic legacy. He initially expounded a violent rejection of the moral and social principles of modern society in the poem Les Chants de Maldoror (1868-69; published in full, 1890); with the same force and conviction he denounced what he considered the unwholesome excesses of European romanticism in the collection Poems: Preface to a Future Book (1870). The first book contained finished prose poems united by a single hero and the intricate plotting of horror fiction; the second was a series of lively aphorisms, in which Lautreamont sang of goodness and of boundless faith in man’s strength and his future.

Lautréamont’s works, rediscovered in the 20th century by the surrealists, foreshadowed the tragic floundering of Western European poetry in its course from symbolism to futurism. Both the modernist and the realistic traditions of modern French poetry (P. Eluard, L. Aragon) proceed from Lautréamont’s work.

REFERENCES

Gourmont, R. de. Kniga masok. St. Petersburg, 1913. (Translated from French.)
Balashov, N. “Neotrazimosf Eluara.” In Poeziia sotsializma. Moscow, 1969. Pages 77-80, 101, 102.
Lautréamont: Une etude par Ph. Soupault. Extrait, documents, bibliographie. [Paris, 1946.]
Bachelard, G. Lautreamont, new ed. Paris, 1956.
Pleynet, M. Lautreamont par lui-meme. Paris, 1967.
Lautréamont. Published under the direction of M. Chaleil. [Toulouse, 1971.]
Philip, M. Lectures de Lautréamont. Paris [1971].

N. N. POLIANSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
La familia empieza a enmascararse: Isidore Ducasse, Latreaumont, Lautreamont, Rocambole
Here, too, were careful allusions to modernist icons (Man Ray's Enigma of Isidore Ducasse, 1920, is only the most obvious).
"Isidore Ducasse et la question des genres." Malediction ou revolution poetique: Lautreamont/Rimbaud.
It was the same Lautreamont, this rime writing under his original name, Isidore Ducasse, who also made the apropos comment: "Plagiarism is necessary.
LES Chants de Maldoror sortent de l'ombre en 1874, quatre ans apres la mort encore inexpliquee de l'auteur, Isidore Ducasse dit le comte de Lautreamont.
Isidore Ducasse (better known to posterity under his nom de plume: Comte de Lautreamont) believes that he has again produced a masterpiece.