Comte de Lautréamont

(redirected from Isidore Ducasse)

Lautréamont, Comte de

 

(pseudonym of Isidore Ducasse). Born Apr. 4, 1846, in Montevideo; died Nov. 24, 1870, in Paris. French poet.

Lautréamont left a paradoxical poetic legacy. He initially expounded a violent rejection of the moral and social principles of modern society in the poem Les Chants de Maldoror (1868-69; published in full, 1890); with the same force and conviction he denounced what he considered the unwholesome excesses of European romanticism in the collection Poems: Preface to a Future Book (1870). The first book contained finished prose poems united by a single hero and the intricate plotting of horror fiction; the second was a series of lively aphorisms, in which Lautreamont sang of goodness and of boundless faith in man’s strength and his future.

Lautréamont’s works, rediscovered in the 20th century by the surrealists, foreshadowed the tragic floundering of Western European poetry in its course from symbolism to futurism. Both the modernist and the realistic traditions of modern French poetry (P. Eluard, L. Aragon) proceed from Lautréamont’s work.

REFERENCES

Gourmont, R. de. Kniga masok. St. Petersburg, 1913. (Translated from French.)
Balashov, N. “Neotrazimosf Eluara.” In Poeziia sotsializma. Moscow, 1969. Pages 77-80, 101, 102.
Lautréamont: Une etude par Ph. Soupault. Extrait, documents, bibliographie. [Paris, 1946.]
Bachelard, G. Lautreamont, new ed. Paris, 1956.
Pleynet, M. Lautreamont par lui-meme. Paris, 1967.
Lautréamont. Published under the direction of M. Chaleil. [Toulouse, 1971.]
Philip, M. Lectures de Lautréamont. Paris [1971].

N. N. POLIANSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Here, too, were careful allusions to modernist icons (Man Ray's Enigma of Isidore Ducasse, 1920, is only the most obvious).
El yo poetico dice "pais de vientos" del mismo modo en que enuncia un Perro de soledad influido tal vez por uno de sus maestros, el Conde de Lautreamont, pseudonimo de Isidore Ducasse, a quien, debe decirse, esta dedicado el primer poema de Tango negro, monumental pieza poetica que el tiempo se encargara de cederle un justo lugar dentro del horizonte poetico iberoamericano.
El Marques de Sade es el patriarca, Baudelaire el fundador del genero, Edgar Alian Poe esta asentado en un lugar donde destaca su creatividad maldita, El perro andaluz es un diabolico homenaje que Salvador Dali y Luis Bunuel rindieron a Isidore Ducasse, el paso de Rimbaud por el Infierno no podia faltar, Antonin Artaud fue una especie de martir justiciero.
Por lo tanto, cabe ser cautos y argumentar, en palabras de Manuel Serrat, que: "Lo primero que llama la atencion en la biografia de Isidore Ducasse es que, un hombre que vivio en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX consiguiera dejar tan pocos testimonios documentales de su existencia" (19).
Lugones y Arlt, Pizarnik y Orozco, Isidore Ducasse y los impresionistas, Marcel Duchamp junto a Nestor Perlongher, deambulan en un submundo literal, sordido, inherente a todo malditismo, o bien como marginalidad del arte en una sociedad neocapitalista hipertecnologizada y donde el arte es mercancia y no ideologia estetica profunda.
Since there was little biographical evidence about Isidore Ducasse, critics preferred to isolate his text in favor of a trans-historical approach.
It was the same Lautreamont, this rime writing under his original name, Isidore Ducasse, who also made the apropos comment: "Plagiarism is necessary.
LES Chants de Maldoror sortent de l'ombre en 1874, quatre ans apres la mort encore inexpliquee de l'auteur, Isidore Ducasse dit le comte de Lautreamont.
Isidore Ducasse (better known to posterity under his nom de plume: Comte de Lautreamont) believes that he has again produced a masterpiece.
Indeed, literary sources--Joyce, Rimbaud, Isidore Ducasse (better known as Lautreamont)--are as important to him as musical ones.
It's a solo outing whose 10 selections were inspired by poems in the surrealist collection "Chants du Maldoror" by the 19th century poet Isidore Ducasse (aka Comte de Lautremont).
Intertextuality or Influence: Kristeva, Bloom and the Poesies of Isidore Ducasse.