Islamic architecture


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Islamic architecture

Mesopotamian and Greco-Roman forms are the two main sources for this style (600–1500), which makes use of symbolic geometry, using pure forms such as the circle and square. The major sources of decorative design are floral motifs, geometric shapes and Arabic calligraphy. The major building types are the mosque and the palace. Mosque plans are based on strongly symmetrical layouts featuring a rectangular courtyard with a prayer hall. Forms are repetitive and geometrical; the surfaces are richly decorated with glazed tiles, carved stucco and patterned brickwork, or bands of colored stonework. Plaster made from gypsum was carved and highly polished to give it a marble-like finish.

Islamic architecture, Muslim architecture

Islamic horseshoe arch
The architecture of the peoples of Islamic faith, also called Mohammedan, which from the 7th century onward expanded throughout the Mediterranean world and as far as India and China, and beyond, producing a variety of great regional works and local decorative styles. It is characterized by domes, horseshoe and round arches, tunnel vaults and richly decorated ornamentation which is geometric because of the ban on human and animal representation. Also see Muslim architecture. (See illustration p. 548.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The mosque has two spacious halls and four verandas and its wooden ceiling has been decorated in Mughal-era Islamic architecture which remains centre of attraction for visitors.
The mosque, which was built on the highest Islamic architecture, consists of two floors with a capacity of 20,000 worshipers inside and about 100,000 worshipers abroad with large green areas on the sides of the mosque.
The Luminarium event offers visitors a unique experience inspired by geometry, nature and Islamic architecture. (SPA) 2 / 3 The events are part of the Tanween Cultural Season's second edition, details of which will be announced soon.
The images of the exhibition also included buildings and modern homes in Mexico, whose architecture resembles the Mudejar and the Islamic architecture in Spain.
The event also saw an exhibition on the Message of Islam which featured a number of paintings of Islam and some of the Omani landmarks that tell the history of mosques and the Islamic architecture of the country.
Earlier in the month, Dr Swelim delivered a lecture titled "Past and Present: Modern Islamic Architecture in the Gulf" at Leighton House Museum, London.
Qatar's Education City Mosque (Photo-feature by Nawaf Al-Deqbasi) DOHA, May 24 (KUNA) -- Qatar's Education City Mosque in Doha is considered an icon of Islamic architecture as it combines elements from the Islamic tradition and modern aesthetics.
Several structures dating to the Mughal era, Sufi shrines, and forts and palaces associated with local kingdoms have been covered in the book as examples of regional Islamic architecture. I was happy to see the author's focus on the heritage of the local princely states; although princely states account for nearly 40 per cent of the landmass of the subcontinent, they have not received adequate scholarly attention in Pakistani historiography.
With its religious status as a place of worship, the mosque will be an important landmark in Sharjah, combining Islamic architecture and craftsmanship.
A collaboration with the Museum of Islamic Art (MIA) was first initiated in October, 2018, during which MIA hosted the inaugural edition of its lecture series by Dr M Tarek Swelim, programme coordinator for the Master of Science in Islamic Art, Architecture and Urbanism, titled 'A Survey of Islamic Art and Architecture.' The second edition, which is a two-part series and takes place this month, will explore Islamic architecture with specific emphasis on the Gulf region.
In a promotional video of the campaign, Isma listed the Putrajaya Mosque, the Islamic architecture of the Prime Minister's Department, congregational prayers, the Malay martial arts of silat, daily calls to prayer and Muslim women covering their heads as 'proof' of Islam's influence in the country.
On its banks, there will be a botanical garden, and a park having the Islamic architecture. Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly said that all the 20 neighborhoods in the new capital will be linked to the Green River which is meant to mimic the Nile River situated in the middle of Cairo.

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