Islamic architecture


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Islamic architecture

Mesopotamian and Greco-Roman forms are the two main sources for this style (600–1500), which makes use of symbolic geometry, using pure forms such as the circle and square. The major sources of decorative design are floral motifs, geometric shapes and Arabic calligraphy. The major building types are the mosque and the palace. Mosque plans are based on strongly symmetrical layouts featuring a rectangular courtyard with a prayer hall. Forms are repetitive and geometrical; the surfaces are richly decorated with glazed tiles, carved stucco and patterned brickwork, or bands of colored stonework. Plaster made from gypsum was carved and highly polished to give it a marble-like finish.

Islamic architecture, Muslim architecture

Islamic horseshoe arch
The architecture of the peoples of Islamic faith, also called Mohammedan, which from the 7th century onward expanded throughout the Mediterranean world and as far as India and China, and beyond, producing a variety of great regional works and local decorative styles. It is characterized by domes, horseshoe and round arches, tunnel vaults and richly decorated ornamentation which is geometric because of the ban on human and animal representation. Also see Muslim architecture. (See illustration p. 548.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The general manager of the Green Lane Masjid and Community Centre, Amer Ijaz, who proudly showed me around the impressive interior, was keen to point out some similarities to Islamic architecture in British Gothic Revival architecture.
The product is very unique because its design is infused with Islamic architecture and tradition, which gives an added value to the brand itself.
The Alhambra palace in Granada in Spain, and Dome of The Rock in East Arab Jerusalem are both profound examples of Islamic architecture.
Its distinctive feature is the western faAaAaAeAoade, which was decorat in the rich, varied style typical of Islamic architecture in Egypt.
The also toured the facilities of the centre, which combines the originality and contemporary Islamic architecture.
The design of the center was inspired by the distinctive beauty and creativity of the Islamic architecture.
reya (1931-90), domes in Islamic architecture, Syrian and Iraqi poet and litt?
Complex geometric shapes, inspired by Islamic architecture, form the richly textured outer skin of the four buildings that make up JACC.
He added that the design of the hotel, which combines modernity and authenticity, is inspired by the Islamic architecture in its heart and soul, to demonstrate the Saudi definition of hospitality that has the service of pilgrims and visitors to the Holy Mosque as its foundation.
He also noted that the style of buildings in Oxford shared many similarities with Islamic architecture.
His Royal Highness also noted that the style of buildings in Oxford share many similarities with Islamic architecture.
The tomb of Hazrat Khalid Waleed at Mauza Khatti Chor, tehsil Kabirwala, is an impressive Islamic architecture, which was built by Ali bin Karmakh or Kirman, a powerful governor of Multan (1175-1186 AD).

Full browser ?