Sawm

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Sawm

 

(Turkic, uraza; Persian, ruze), a thirty-day Muslim fast in the month of Ramadan. The sawm derives from the practices of ancient Arab cults. The rules for observing the fast are laid down in the second sura of the Koran. Each day of the fast the Muslim must avoid food, drink, games, and entertainment until dusk. The sawm is obligatory for all believers except children under seven, invalids, pregnant women, travelers, and the insane. If a fast is interrupted by illness or travel, it must be completed at some other time. The month of Ramadan and thus the sawm occur at a different time each year because the Muslim calendar is lunar. In an effort to adapt the observance of the sawm to modern conditions, interpreters of Islamic law have permitted a certain relaxation of the rules governing the fast.

References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, Bakan et al came up with the conclusion that Islamic fasting for 3 weeks in Ramadan can lead to minor changes in the neuron structures.5
Pointing it out that there are many adverse effects of total fasting and so called crash diets, he said Islamic fasting is different from such diet plans as holds no risk of malnutrition or inadequate calorie intake.
1 - will be intensified, taking advantage of more people gathering in mosques during the Islamic fasting season.
Nazym Kaya, the president of Turkey's Consumers Union, has said the Israeli companies whose products are being boycotted due to the Zionist Regime's policy towards the Palestinian territories are trying to compensate for their profit losses through religious marketing strategies during the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan.
"In this holy month, if people follow the Islamic fasting rules, it is good for health and will not have a bad effect.
However officials later confirmed that the sentence had not been cancelled, but would be carried out after the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan, which ends in the third week of September.
The Islamic fasting month of Ramadan, would start during the last week of August 2009, some say it would probably begin on August 22 The mediation said it would organize in Agust talks between some rebel groups with the Sudanese government.
Northwest Frontier Province Information Minister Mohammad Iftkhar Khan said police opened fire on the suicide bomber as he was trying to enter Asfandyar Wali's home in Charsadda as he was receiving guests to mark the end of the Islamic fasting month.
And 10 others will have their sentences reduced to mark the end of the Islamic fasting month, officials revealed today.
In 1981 the late Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini declared the last Friday of the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan as "Al-Quds Day," a day of protest to show the importance of Jerusalem to Muslims.
14 step came on the eve of the month-long Islamic fasting period of Ramadan (a holy month which is traditionally a time of relative political calm).
AN e-mail written by a purported al-Qaida leader has warned the terrorist network is preparing to stage devastating attacks against Americans during the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan.

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