Kauai

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Kauai

(kou'wī`), circular island (1990 pop. 51,177), 549 sq mi (1,422 sq km), 32 mi (52 km) in diameter, N Hawaii, separated from OahuOahu
, island (1990 pop. 836,231), 593 sq mi (1,536 sq km), third largest and chief island of Hawaii, part of Honolulu co., between Molokai and Kauai. Oahu is composed of two parallel mountain ranges (Waianae and Koolau) that are separated by a rolling plain dissected by deep
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 island to the southeast by Kauai Channel. Lihue (1990 pop. 5,536) is the largest town and Nawiliwili Harbor the chief port; most of the island's people live along the coast. Geologically, Kauai is the oldest of the Hawaiian Islands. It was formed by now extinct volcanoes; Kawaikini (5,170 ft/1,576 m high) and Waialeale (5,080 ft/1,548 m high) are the tallest peaks. High annual rainfall has eroded deep valleys in Kauai's central mountain mass. Waimea Canyon (2,000–3,000 ft/610–915 m deep; c.10 mi/16 km long) resembles a miniature Grand Canyon. The northeastern slopes of Waialeale, one of the wettest spots on earth, receive an annual average rainfall of 450 in. (1,143 cm). Tourism is the main industry.

An independent Polynesian kingdom when visited by English Capt. James Cook in 1778, Kauai became part of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1810. The first major attempt at agricultural development in Hawaii occurred there with the establishment of a sugar plantation in 1835; sugar production ceased in 2009. In Sept., 1992, Hurricane Iniki, the strongest hurricane to hit the Hawaiian islands in the century, devastated the island.

Kauai

a volcanic island in NW Hawaii, northwest of Oahu. Chief town: Lihue. Pop. (Kauai county): 60 747 (2003 est.). Area (island): 1433 sq. km (553 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
A short-range ballistic weapon was fired from the Pacific Missile Range Facility on the island of Kauai, close to Honolulu, and was then shot down by the destroyer, the USS Hopper.
After a honeymoon trip to the island of Kauai, the couple resides in Nashville.
Aloha Airlines is inaugurating non-stop service between Orange County and the Garden Island of Kauai, beginning January 7, 2008.
Mr Brooking, 55, has travelled thousands of miles from his home parish on the mountainous Hawaiian island of Kauai to spend six weeks on an official exchange trip to Blyth, Northumberland.
In 2005 a Hawaii Department of Agriculture inspector found Safeway Heavy Duty Toilet Bowl Cleaner being offered at a Safeway store on the island of Kauai, and last year a California Department of Pesticide Regulations inspector found Safeway Liquid Cleanser with Bleach being sold at a Vons store in Grover Beach.
Travel with Kids Hawaii: The Island of Kauai is a DVD guide ideal for families who want to travel to this lush and wondrous state, or simply learn about the rich culture of the Polynesian islands.
a development company active in increasing the diversity of agriculture on the Hawaii island of Kauai, and has been recognized two years in a row by Hawaii Business Magazine as one of Hawaii's 10 most influential people.
The list may soon get shorter in the lowlands on the Hawaiian island of Kauai, where flies have targeted a type of cricket that originally came to Hawaii from the western Pacific.
0 million senior bridge loan for the acquisition of a 2,021-acre land site in Kapa'a on the Island of Kauai.
Thus we hear that in 1772, James Cook entertained the King of Tahiti with a "night of bagpipes and seamen's hornpipe dancing", while 20 years on, Vancouver arrived at the Hawaiian island of Kauai to find the local prince would only answer to the title King George.
A possible fifth species was collected high in rainforests on the island of Kauai by Steven Montgomery, a consulting conservation biologist in Waipahu on Oahu.
Bethany, from Princeville on the Hawaiian island of Kauai, took part in her first surf competition at the age of 11.