Kauai

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Kauai

(kou'wī`), circular island (1990 pop. 51,177), 549 sq mi (1,422 sq km), 32 mi (52 km) in diameter, N Hawaii, separated from OahuOahu
, island (1990 pop. 836,231), 593 sq mi (1,536 sq km), third largest and chief island of Hawaii, part of Honolulu co., between Molokai and Kauai. Oahu is composed of two parallel mountain ranges (Waianae and Koolau) that are separated by a rolling plain dissected by deep
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 island to the southeast by Kauai Channel. Lihue (1990 pop. 5,536) is the largest town and Nawiliwili Harbor the chief port; most of the island's people live along the coast. Geologically, Kauai is the oldest of the Hawaiian Islands. It was formed by now extinct volcanoes; Kawaikini (5,170 ft/1,576 m high) and Waialeale (5,080 ft/1,548 m high) are the tallest peaks. High annual rainfall has eroded deep valleys in Kauai's central mountain mass. Waimea Canyon (2,000–3,000 ft/610–915 m deep; c.10 mi/16 km long) resembles a miniature Grand Canyon. The northeastern slopes of Waialeale, one of the wettest spots on earth, receive an annual average rainfall of 450 in. (1,143 cm). Tourism is the main industry.

An independent Polynesian kingdom when visited by English Capt. James Cook in 1778, Kauai became part of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1810. The first major attempt at agricultural development in Hawaii occurred there with the establishment of a sugar plantation in 1835; sugar production ceased in 2009. In Sept., 1992, Hurricane Iniki, the strongest hurricane to hit the Hawaiian islands in the century, devastated the island.

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Kauai

a volcanic island in NW Hawaii, northwest of Oahu. Chief town: Lihue. Pop. (Kauai county): 60 747 (2003 est.). Area (island): 1433 sq. km (553 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the WSJ, the companies lease a combined 11,500 acres for test farms and research facilities on the island of Kauai, which is the fourth-largest on the state.
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Summary: The US has fired a short-range ballistic weapon from the island of Kauai near Hawaii.
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The military's ground-based mobile missile-defense system intercepted the target during the test conducted at a missile range off the island of Kauai at 2:30 p.m.
The contract covers Range and Base Operating Services at the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF), located on the northwest coast of the Garden Island of Kauai.
After a honeymoon trip to the island of Kauai, the couple resides in Nashville.
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