Canary Islands

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Canary Islands,

Span. Islas Canarias, group of seven islands (1990 pop. 1,589,403), 2,808 sq mi (7,273 sq km), autonomous community of Spain, in the Atlantic Ocean off Western Sahara. They constitute two provinces of Spain. Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1990 pop. 770,627), 1,239 sq mi (3,209 sq km), includes Tenerife, Palma, Gomera, and Hierro. Las Palmas (1990 pop. 818,776), 1,569 sq mi (4,064 sq km), includes Grand Canary, Lanzarote, and Fuerteventura. Fuerteventura is 67 mi (108 km) from the African coast. The islands, of volcanic origin, are rugged; Mt. Teide (12,162 ft/3,707 m) is the highest point in Spain.

Wine was the main export of the Canaries until the grape blight of 1853; its place was taken by cochineal until aniline dyes came into general use. Today the leading exports are bananas, sugarcane, tomatoes, potatoes, and tobacco, which are grown where irrigation is possible. There is fishing on the open seas, and the Canaries, with their subtropical climate and fine beaches, have become a major tourist center. An oil refinery and other large-scale industries are located at Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, located on Palma, is the site of the Great Canary Telescope, the world's largest reflecting telescope.

Pliny mentions an expedition to the Canaries c.40 B.C., and they may have been the Fortunate IslesFortunate Isles
or Isles of the Blest,
in classical and Celtic legend, islands in the Western Ocean. There the souls of favored mortals were received by the gods and lived happily in a paradise.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of later classical writers. Settlement, from North Africa, likely began c.A.D. 100. They were occasionally visited by Arabs and by European travelers in the Middle Ages. Jean de Béthencourt, a Norman, settled at Lanzarote in 1402 and, with the support of the kingdom of Castile, became its king in 1404. The Treaty of Alcácovas (1479) between Portugal and Spain recognized Spanish sovereignty over the Canaries; conquest of the Guanches, the indigenous Berber inhabitants of the islands, was completed in 1496. The islands became an important base for voyages to the Americas. The Canaries were frequently raided by pirates and privateers; Las Palmas beat off Francis Drake in 1595 but was ravaged by the Dutch in 1599. In the French Revolutionary Wars, Horatio Nelson was repulsed (1797) at Santa Cruz. The Canary Islands became an autonomous community in 1982. In the early 21st cent. the islands, as part of Spain and the European Union, became a destination for illegal immigrants traveling by boat from Africa.

Canary Islands


a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean 100–120 km off the northwestern coast of Africa. They are part of the territory of Spain and administratively have been divided by Spain into two provinces: Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The most important islands are Gran Canaria, Tenerife, and Fuerteventura. Area of the islands, 7, 300 sq km; total population, 1.2 million (1970 census). The basic population consists of Spaniards, into whom have merged groups of the local population, the Guanches. The language spoken is Spanish, and the religion is Catholicism.

The islands were formed by basalt; there are many extinct and active volcanoes (on Tenerife, Palma, and Lanzarote). The maximum elevation is 3, 718 m (the active volcano Teide on the island of Tenerife). The climate is tropical and characterized by trade winds; it is moderately hot and dry. Annual precipitation amounts to 300–500 mm. Growing on the slopes of the volcanoes are evergreen shrubs and forests. The flora includes many indigenous species (the dragon tree, Canary fig palm, Canary pine).Bananas, grains, potatoes, citrus fruits, tobacco, grapes, and beans are cultivated. Livestock raised includes goats, sheep, and cattle. Fishing is also important, and there are climatic resorts. The Canary Islands constitute an important transit base in the Atlantic Ocean. The principal cities and major ports are Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife.[11–938]

References in periodicals archive ?
Leyenda: Las islas Canarias son actualmente una comunidad autonoma espanola.
Su magna obra historiografica aparecio con el largo titulo: Noticias de la nistoria general de las Islas Canarias.
Teniendo en cuenta las relaciones anteriormente expuestas y que las estadisticas sobre el turismo domestico en las Islas Canarias confirman que la satisfaccion y la lealtad de los jovenes residentes en Canarias es elevada (ExcelturGobierno de Canarias, 2014), nuestra siguiente hipotesis establece que:
Ei DLE asienta que es 'comilon, hambron' en Colombia, Cuba y Republica Dominicana, pero no registra datos de Canarias como si lo hace el Atlas linguistico y etnografico de las Islas Canarias (ALEICan) (29) en el mapa 30 con la forma dehgandio.
Segun el estudio anteriormente precitado, de 98 mujeres entrevistadas del Sahel y el Magreb, 22% se encontraban retenidas en alguna frontera marroqui tras atravesar multiples fronteras interiores africanas, en espera de la oportunidad para llegar a Espana a traves de las islas Canarias (la mayoria procedente principalmente de Nigeria y menores de 11 a 17 anos).
2) Departamento de Botanica, Ecologia y Fisiologia Vegetal, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Islas Canarias.
Este termino, muy frecuente en los textos como sustantivo y como adjetivo, esta documentado en ingles, segun el SOEDHP, desde finales del siglo xvi, para hacer referencia a los aborigenes que habitaban las Islas Canarias cuando fueron conquistadas por los castellanos en el siglo xv.
En las islas Canarias se celebra el dia de la Cruz desde luego en aquellas localidades signadas con el simbolo cristiano desde los origenes de la conquista espanola: Santa Cruz de La Palma, Santa Cruz de Tenerife y Puerto de la Cruz (tambien en Tenerife).
Estudio del impacto economico del turismo sobre la economia y el empleo de las Islas Canarias.
Se realizo en la zona sur oeste de la isla Tenerife, que forma parte del archipielago de las Islas Canarias en el Oceano Atlantico.
En su primer capitulo Charters aborda los canarios, un genero musical oriundo de las Islas Canarias.