Scilly Islands

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Scilly Islands

(sĭl`ē), officially Isles of Scilly, archipelago and unitary authority (2001 pop. 2,153), encompassing more than 150 isles and rocky islets, off Cornwall, SW England, 28 mi (45 km) from Land's End. The archipelago has been politically separate from CornwallCornwall,
county (1991 pop. 469,300), SW England, administratively (since 2009) a unitary authority. Bodmin was the county seat, but the local government is now based in Truro.
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 since 1890. On the rocky coasts, marked by lighthouses and lightships, scores of ships were wrecked, notably Sir Clowdisley ShovellShovell, Sir Clowdisley,
or Sir Cloudesley Shovel
, 1650–1707, English admiral. In the War of the Grand Alliance he burned enemy ships at the battle of La Hogue in 1692 and was joint commander of the English fleet in 1693.
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's fleet in 1707. The mild climate and heavy rainfall provide a flourishing environment for subtropical plants. Market flower growing is one of the leading occupations. Vegetable production and tourism are also economically important. Five of the isles are inhabited—St. Mary's, Tresco, St. Martin's, St. Agnes, and Bryher. On the largest, St. Mary's, is the capital, Hugh Town, built around the late 16th-century Star Castle. Originally constructed by order of Elizabeth I as a defense against the Spanish and pirates, the castle is where Prince Charles (later Charles II) stopped in 1645 on his flight to JerseyJersey
, island (2005 est. pop. 90,800), 45 sq mi (117 sq km), in the English Channel, largest of the Channel Islands, which are dependencies of the British crown. It is 15 mi (24 km) from the Normandy coast of France and SE of Guernsey. Saint Helier, the capital, is on St.
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; it is now a hotel. Hugh Town is also the site of a museum that displays many of the archaeological remains discovered on the islands. On Tresco are Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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's Tower, ruins of a 10th-century abbey, King Charles's Castle (1554), the 19th-century Abbey Garden with exotic plants that flourish in the mild climate, and the residence of the lord proprietor of the islands. The isle of Samson has ancient stone monuments.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is also still room available on the Emerald Isle and Isles of Scilly sailing, which leaves Cardiff on Sunday, May 27 for five nights and stops off at Dublin, Cobh, Glengariff and the Isles of Scilly.
Star Castle was built in 1593 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, for the defence of the Isles of Scilly.
Pilotage - in depth appraisal of approaches, harbours and anchorages from Bridport to Padstow including the Isles of Scilly.
The RFCC covers Devon, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly.
Police said the man from Sheffield sustained a "life changing injury" when he jumped into the water off the Isles of Scilly, 28 miles west of Land's End.
It will be the first comprehensive baseline survey of the grey seal population in the Isles of Scilly and will aim to identify principal threats and provide future recommendations for the management of breeding sites and surrounding waters.
The unspoilt Isles of Scilly are another world of peace and solitude, designated an area of outstanding natural beauty.
It also operates two helicopter flight simulators and a helicopter passenger service between Penzance and the Isles of Scilly.
Contract notice: 18 month waste transfer services for containerised waste and dry recyclates between st marys, Isles of scilly and penzance, Cornwall
Isles of Scilly Steamship Group sails from Penzance to St Mary's from PS86 return for an adult and PS45 for a child.
The Isles of Scilly are England's real last outpost on the trip out into the Atlantic - five inhabited islands, a smattering of smaller ones and lots of random rocks that have torn open the hull of many a ship over the years.