Scilly Islands

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Scilly Islands

(sĭl`ē), officially Isles of Scilly, archipelago and unitary authority (2001 pop. 2,153), encompassing more than 150 isles and rocky islets, off Cornwall, SW England, 28 mi (45 km) from Land's End. The archipelago has been politically separate from CornwallCornwall,
county (1991 pop. 469,300), SW England, administratively (since 2009) a unitary authority. Bodmin was the county seat, but the local government is now based in Truro.
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 since 1890. On the rocky coasts, marked by lighthouses and lightships, scores of ships were wrecked, notably Sir Clowdisley ShovellShovell, Sir Clowdisley,
or Sir Cloudesley Shovel
, 1650–1707, English admiral. In the War of the Grand Alliance he burned enemy ships at the battle of La Hogue in 1692 and was joint commander of the English fleet in 1693.
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's fleet in 1707. The mild climate and heavy rainfall provide a flourishing environment for subtropical plants. Market flower growing is one of the leading occupations. Vegetable production and tourism are also economically important. Five of the isles are inhabited—St. Mary's, Tresco, St. Martin's, St. Agnes, and Bryher. On the largest, St. Mary's, is the capital, Hugh Town, built around the late 16th-century Star Castle. Originally constructed by order of Elizabeth I as a defense against the Spanish and pirates, the castle is where Prince Charles (later Charles II) stopped in 1645 on his flight to JerseyJersey
, island (2005 est. pop. 90,800), 45 sq mi (117 sq km), in the English Channel, largest of the Channel Islands, which are dependencies of the British crown. It is 15 mi (24 km) from the Normandy coast of France and SE of Guernsey. Saint Helier, the capital, is on St.
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; it is now a hotel. Hugh Town is also the site of a museum that displays many of the archaeological remains discovered on the islands. On Tresco are Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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's Tower, ruins of a 10th-century abbey, King Charles's Castle (1554), the 19th-century Abbey Garden with exotic plants that flourish in the mild climate, and the residence of the lord proprietor of the islands. The isle of Samson has ancient stone monuments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Star Castle was built in 1593 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, for the defence of the Isles of Scilly. Nowadays it is a family-run, four-star hotel full of character and historic charm, with elegant rooms, a stonewalled dining room and dungeon bar.
Allan Hicks, manager of the Isles of Scilly airport on St Mary's, said: ``They were lucky the fishing boat saw them and went straight to them.''
The Isles of Scilly are a truly relaxing place for a holiday.
Enjoy a few days aboard this muchloved vessel, as she heads to vibrant Irish capital Dublin and flower-strewn Isles of Scilly.
Wonderful ports of call;, Cobh (for Cork, Ireland), St Mary's (Isles of Scilly), St Peter Port (Guernsey), Honfleur (Normandy), Invergordan (Cromarty Firth, Scotland), Stornoway (Outer Hebrides), Tobermory (Isle of Mull) ?
There are visits to scenic Pembrokeshire and one of Ireland's most attractive cities - Cork - and a full day in the exquisite surroundings of the Isles of Scilly, one of Britain's most unspoiled corners.
The Government want to cut petrol prices in Shetland, Orkney and the Western Isles, as well as the Isles of Scilly off Cornwall.
The Britons had been attempting to row from New York to the Isles of Scilly to try to break the current record of 55 days set in 1896.
Police said the man from Sheffield sustained a "life changing injury" when he jumped into the water off the Isles of Scilly, 28 miles west of Land's End.
It will be the first comprehensive baseline survey of the grey seal population in the Isles of Scilly and will aim to identify principal threats and provide future recommendations for the management of breeding sites and surrounding waters.
After crossing the finish line off the Isles of Scilly on Sunday morning, they found themselves being sucked south towards France.