Ismail I


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Ismail I

 

Born July 17, 1487, in Ardebil; died there May 23, 1524. Founder and first shah of the Safavid state.

Ismail I was one of the sons of a sheikh of the Safavi order. In 1500–01 he established his authority in Azerbaijan with the support of the Kizilbash tribes. He also seized the city of Tabriz. Between 1503 and 1510, Ismail I subjugated almost all of Iran, Armenia, and Arabic Iraq and part of Middle Asia and neighboring regions. His advance westward led to war in 1514 between the Safavids and the Ottomans. In the Battle of Chaldiran (1514), Shah Ismail suffered defeat and lost western Armenia, Kurdistan, and Arabic Iraq. He encouraged the development of handicrafts and trade and strengthened the machinery of state. Under Ismail, Shiism was proclaimed the state religion. He patronized poets, artists, and scholars and was himself a major Azerbaijani poet (writing under the pseudonym of Khatai).

References in periodicals archive ?
As in the post-Shah Ismail I's period of the Safawid empire - which early in the 16th century embraced the Turks of Azerbaijan, a part of Anatolia, the Persians in Iran, the Arabs of Iraq and parts of Afghanistan and Central Asia - the Jaafari theocrats of today's Iran are split into several factions.
Ismail is leader of Pakistan Muslim League (N) led by Nawaz Sharif who is also currently behind the bar on corruption charges.
Ismail is the leader of Pakistan Muslim League (N) led by Nawaz Sharif who is also currently behind the bar on corruption charges.
Meanwhile, the Governor House spokesperson said Ismail is scheduled to visit the Quaid's mausoleum Tuesday (today) to pay homage to him.
Born on January 1, 1966 in Karachi, Ismail is a businessman-turned-politician, and is one of the founding members of the ruling PTI.
As Ismail is not a Member of Parliament, his appointment has been undertaken as per section nine of Article 91 of the Constitution which pertains to making any non-elected person a member of the cabinet.
Whatever it is, the decision by Tunku Ismail is final.
Joel Ismail is charged with helping his friend Jeffrey Bevan, an accountant, to launder money by buying properties with some of the PS1.3m he transferred from his employer into his own account.
Joel Ismail is charged with helping his friend Jeffrey Bevan, an accountant, to launder by buying properties with some of the [pounds sterling]1.3m Bevan transferred from his employer into his own account.
"Ismail is expected to leave hospital after three days," according to Egyptian news reports published Saturday.
Abu Ismail is charged with forging official documents during his application to run for president.
Born on January 1, 1966, in Karachi, Ismail is a businessman-turned-politician and is one of the founding members of the ruling PTI.