Ismail Pasha


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Ismail Pasha

(ĭs'mäēl päshä`), 1830–95, ruler of Egypt (1863–79), son of Ibrahim Pasha. He succeeded his uncle Said Pasha as ruler. Ismail used the Egyptian cotton crop, enormously enhanced in value by the American Civil War, to obtain credits for grandiose schemes, including irrigation projects, schools, palaces, the construction of the Suez Canal, and the extension of Egyptian rule in Sudan. Much of the money was wasted, and the country was seriously involved in debt. In 1875, Ismail was forced to sell to Great Britain his stockholdings (some 44%) in the Suez Canal, and in 1876 he was obliged to place the finances of Egypt under the control of a debt commission that represented the French and British bondholders. His attempt to throw off foreign control in 1879 was answered by the Ottoman sultan's deposing him in favor of his son Tewfik Pasha. In 1866, Ismail received the title khedive (viceroy), which his successors also enjoyed.

Ismail Pasha

 

Born Dec. 31, 1830, in Cairo; died Mar. 2, 1895, in Istanbul. Ruler of Egypt from 1863 to 1879.

In 1867, Ismail received the title of khedive from the Turkish sultan. He was able to broaden the autonomy of Egypt, formally considered part of the Ottoman Empire. He put through reforms that objectively promoted the country’s capitalist development. For the realization of his plans, he resorted to loans from European powers. In an effort to free the country from the financial control established over Egypt in 1876 by the European powers, he attempted to make contact with the national liberation movement. This resulted in his removal from office by the Turkish sultan at the insistence of the Europeans.

Ismail Pasha

1830--95, viceroy (1863--66) and khedive (1867--79) of Egypt, who brought his country close to bankruptcy. He was forced to submit to Anglo-French financial control (1876) and to abdicate (1879)
References in periodicals archive ?
A visit to Cairo is a trip through the ages -- from the immutable pyramids to the humongous medieval open mall in Khan Al-Khalili and right up to the 19th century under the rule of Ismail Pasha, the khedive of Egypt and Sudan.
What we know about Egypt's parliament history The building itself was established by Ismail Pasha during the monarchy era in 1866.
When Ismail Pasha came back from Paris and decided to build the palace, he chose a largely empty, uncultivated area.
It was originally commissioned by Khushyar Hanim, the mother of the 19th century Khedive Ismail Pasha and intended to expand and replace the shrine and tomb of the medieval Sufi saint Ahmed el-Rifa'i.
The Khedive of Egypt and Sudan, Ismail Pasha Sabri, called the work "a distinctive literature of our times."Aa
The bronze statue of Khedive Ismail Pasha, the 19th Century Ottoman ruler of Egypt and Sudan, is the latest to fall foul of cack-handed workmen.
Manuscripts of Opera Aida were found in the Nile Valley, written by the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, who was commissioned by Khedive Ismail Pasha. Why "Opera Aida" is immortal in opera history Giuseppe Verdi composed "Opera Aida" for 150,000 gold francs in 1870, while Khedive Ismail Pasha had the Khedivial Opera House built in only six months to host the Opening of the Suez Canal celebrations.
It was built by order of Mohamed Ali Pasha in 1828 to serve as a good deed for the soul of his son, Ismail Pasha. At first, it functioned as a charitable educational facility, and later on it became the Nahaseen School, until its condition deteriorated because of the negative effects of the weather.
Commissioned by Ismail Pasha, it is believed that Verdi received 150,000 francs for it -- quite a sum at that time.
Late Khedive of Egypt and Sudan Ismail Pasha received Suakin from the Ottomans in 1865.
After 12 days, their revolution succeeded in deposing the magistrate, and on the 17th day, the new magistrate, Ismail Pasha, assigned the destitute to the rich and the princes so that the poor could be taken care of.
It was named after Ismail Pasha, the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt, who oversaw the country during the building of Suez Canal.