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Emir (874–907) of the Samanid dynasty, founder of a feudal state in Middle Asia.
In 874, Ismail Samani became the vicegerent of Bukhara. He became the personal ruler of Ma Wara an-Nahr in 888. In 900, routing the Iranian forces, he annexed provinces taken from eastern Iran. Ismail Samani consolidated central authority by suppressing the resistance of the recalcitrant feudal lords. Ismail Samani’s mausoleum in Bukhara is an outstanding architectural monument.