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Al Ismailiyah(äl ĭsmăĭlē`yə), city (1986 est. pop. 212,759), capital of Ismailia governorate, NE Egypt. It is the seat of the Suez Canal administration. Extensive irrigation is used for growing fruits and vegetables; livestock is raised. Ismailia was founded in 1863 by Ferdinand de LessepsLesseps, Ferdinand Marie, vicomte de
, 1805–94, French diplomat and engineer. He entered the consular service in 1825 and was minister to Spain (1848–49). Later, while serving in Egypt, he conceived the idea of a Suez Canal, and in 1854 he obtained from Said Pasha,
..... Click the link for more information. , who used it as his base of operations during the construction of the canal. The city was named after Ismail, a khedive of Egypt. A nearby military base established by the British in World War I is now under Egyptian control. After Israeli forces shelled Ismailia in the wake of the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, part of the city's civilian population was evacuated. In the 1973 war Israeli ground forces pushed to within the city's outskirts.
a city in Egypt.
Ismailia is located where the Ismailia Canal empties into Lake Timsah, through which the Suez Canal passes. The city is a rail and highway hub with a population of 167,500 (1970). Prior to 1967 most of its residents were employed in servicing the canal. The city has a television and radio assembly plant. There are building-stone quarries in the vicinity. Ismailia was founded in 1863 in connection with the construction of the Suez Canal.