Isobaric Process

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Isobaric process

A thermodynamic process during which the pressure remains constant. When heat is transferred to or from a gaseous system, a volume change occurs at constant pressure. This thermodynamic process can be illustrated by the expansion of a substance when it is heated. The system is then capable of doing an amount of work on its surroundings. The maximum work is done when the external pressure of the surroundings on the system is equal to the pressure of the system. See Isometric process, Polytropic process

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Physics. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Isobaric Process


a process that occurs in a physical system with a constant external pressure.

The simplest examples of isobaric processes are the heating of water in an open vessel and the expansion of a gas in a cylinder with a freely moving piston. In both cases the pressure is equal to atmospheric pressure. In an isobaric process the volume of an ideal gas is proportional to the temperature (Gay-Lussac law). The specific heat of a system is greater in an isobaric process than in an isochoric process (that is, with constant volume), since in an isobaric process not only is the system heated as a result of the quantity of heat fed to it, but it performs work. The work performed by an ideal gas in an isobaric process is equal to pΔ V, where p is the pressure and A V is the change in volume.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

isobaric process

[¦i·sə¦bär·ik ′prä·səs]
A thermodynamic process of a gas in which the heat transfer to or from the gaseous system causes a volume change at constant pressure.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
As opposed to the isothermal process, the isobaric process is a Hamiltonian process which means that it may be obtained by adding extra terms to the Lagrangian [28, 36].
Figure 11 shows the inner total pressure distribution of combustor; it can be seen that the pressure distribution of main zone is uniform, the combustion process is approximately an isobaric process, and the pressure gradient appears near each hole and on both sides of central recirculation zone.
The whole process of gas dilution could be approximately considered as an isobaric process, resulting in the following relationship between the volume of injected liquid, and the concentration of target gas [26]:
The first phase was considered as a constant pressure increase (dp) rapid combustion, the second an isobaric process at maximum pressure ([p.sub.max]), and finally a slow burn phase, considered as an isothermal process, at maximum temperature ([T.sub.max]).
As the fluid is discharged to the compressor outlet, it undergoes an isobaric process until the discharge valves close due to the lack in fluid momentum and pressure differential required to keep them opened.
An excess temperature in the isobaric processes readily follows from the Clapeyron equation,
Isobaric processes except for compression and throttling were considered, with -10[degrees]C evaporation temperature and 5[degrees]C vapor superheating.