Sixty-five metabolites were quantified, six of which could be related to early post-injury degenerative changes: isobutyrate
, glucose, hydroxyprolyne, asparagine, serine, and uridine.
05) in faecal pH, intestinal gas area (Table 2), concentrations of total SCFA, acetate, propionate, isobutyrate
, butyrate, valerate and isovalerate in faeces (Table 3).
VFAs, including acetate, propionate, butyrate, isobutyrate
, valerate and isovalerate, were analyzed by the methods of Erwin et al.
Acetate, lactate, propionate and isobutyrate
as electron donors for iron and sulfate reduction in Artic marine sediments, Svalvard.
Amides* \ Cellulose esters | Eastman GEM[TM] technology | Ethanolamines* | Ethoxylates* \ Hydrogenated rosinates \ Hydrogenated rosin esters \ Hydrogenated hydrocarbon resins \ Novel esters \ Plasticizers \ Solvents \ Sucrose acetate isobutyrate
| Water-dispersible polymers *Taminco is a subsidiary of Eastman Chemical Company
With the removal of BVO in Powerade, Coca-cola will replace it with sucrose acetate isobutyrate
or glycerol ester of rosine, an emulsifier which is categorized generally as a safe food additive by Food and Drug Administration.
Net acetate was produced and net propionate, butyrate, isobutyrate
and isovalerate were absorbed by the liver in LF or HF diet.
The company will use sucrose acetate isobutyrate
in its place.
The target list MVOCs that were specifically analyzed included 3-methylfuran, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 1-butanol, 3-methyl-2-butanol, 2-pentanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, dimethyl disulfide, ethyl isobutyrate
, 2-hexanone, 2-heptanone, 5-methyl-3-heptanone, 1-octen-3-ol, 3-octanone, 3-octanol, 2-pentylfuran, 2-octen-1-ol, 2-methoxy-3-1(methylethyl)pyrazine, 2-nonanone, fenchone, 2-methylisoborneol, alpha-terpineol, geosmin, thujopsene, anisole, and isopropyl acetate.
However it was unable to utilize sucrose, raffinose, adonitol, methyl A-D mannoside, inositol, xylitol, isobutyrate
, methyl A-D glucopyranoside, salicin, D-melizitose and hippurate.
The SABER (sucrose acetate isobutyrate
extended release) technology overcomes this problem because the viscous gel locks the drug into the matrix, despite attempts to crush or melt it, or extract it with alcohol.
11) In addition, an increase in the faecal wet and dry weight and a decrease in faecal pH proportional to the intake of Litesse, and an increase in the production of short chain fatty acids--notably butyrate, isobutyrate
and acetate--was also recorded.