Isolated Organs

Isolated Organs

 

body parts, organs, or systems, separated from the body and placed in an artificial nutrient medium and temporarily retaining their principal functional properties.

Muscle, nerve, intestine, uterus, heart, extremity, head, and organs may be isolated. In physiology, isolated organs can be used to study certain aspects of organ activity; in pharmacology, to elucidate the action of medicinal substances and poisons. Complete isolation from the central nervous system makes possible the investigation of mechanisms of local regulation. Thus, it was established on an isolated heart that the character and intensity of heart contractions depend not only on the influence of the central nervous system and the effect of humoral factors but also on the degree of expansion of the fibers of the heart muscle and regulation by intracardiac neural formations. Comparatively simple conditions are required to preserve the viability of the isolated organs of cold-blooded animals. Thus, to maintain the functional capacity of a neuromuscular preparation from a frog for several hours it is necessary only to prevent it from drying out by moistening it periodically with normal saline. Isolating organs of warm-blooded animals is considerably more difficult: immediately after separation from the body it is necessary to provide for the delivery of nutritive substances and oxygen and the removal of metabolic products and to maintain the temperature at 37°-38°C. Isolation of the brain or head presents an especially difficult problem. Isolated organs taken from a donor or corpse are also used in transplants.

G. I. KOSITSKII and I. N. D’IAKONOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Isolated organs bath for students complete with lever etc
However, due to incomplete penetrance, symptoms may be involved in isolated organs, which may manifest as mild incomplete diseases or involve multiple organs.
TABLE 4: Effect on isolated organs weight after 28 days of the oral administration of OSE.
They have not been modified to date and represent the dose limitation levels for isolated organs.
Tenders are invited for Isolated Organs. Bath For Students Complete With Liver Etc.
Tenders are invited for Quotations For Procurement Of Dales Bath For Internal Organ and Isolated Organs Bath To Dept.Of Physiology,Govt.Medical College,ESIC Hospital Singanallur,Coimbatore.
Realization of tightness tests of pregnant isolated organs - period from 01.01.2016 to 31.12.2020.
cancer) or isolated organs, all highly artificial model systems which are often not compatible with survival imaging.
UTHealth School of Dentistry wishes to purchase (not lease) plastinated human cadaver specimens including brains, half and whole heads and necks, isolated organs, thoracic and abdominal organs in natural relationship to each other, a torso with internal organs partially dissected, and heads sectioned horizontally, frontally and sagittally.
To determine the operational response of an isolated organ, the signal transfer characteristic from ampullary epithelium to afferent nerve was determined during 0.5-s duration voltage clamps of the ampullary epithelium.

Full browser ?