Therefore, we must assume the existence of some horizontal Rn supplies, possibly by isopycnal
eddy diffusion, from the inside walls of the trench over the water column up to 2692 m above the bottom.
where [eta] denotes the deviation of the isopycnal
surface from its undisturbed location (measured at a depth that corresponds to the maximum of the vertical mode), c is the phase speed of long internal waves, [alpha] is the coefficient at the quadratic term (often called the quadratic nonlinearity coefficient), [[alpha].sub.1] is the coefficient at the cubic term (often called the cubic nonlinearity coefficient) and [beta] is the coefficient at the linear (dispersive) term and is sometimes called the dispersion coefficient.
Based on the above discussion, we will design an isopycnal
multiscale mapping operator in the original multigrid 3D-Var proposed by Li et al.
In the time series of salinity values on the 26.8[sigma][theta] isopycnal
surface at a remote location (35[degrees]N, 180[degrees]) where no observations were subsampled, the values in the analysis case are proven to approach the true values (blue and red curves in Figure 5(a)).
Evidence of cross-frontal exchange processes in the Gulf Stream based on isopycnal
RAFOS float data.
The improved solver has been incorporated into the isopycnal
(1) Spectral Element Ocean Model [7,8].
Additionally, it is important to note that WOA is compiled in z coordinates, while there are alternative approaches to projecting gridded data onto isopycnal
surfaces such as the Monthly Isopycnal
and MixedLayer Ocean Climatology (MIMOC) described in Schmidtko et al.
The site for this Global Array at the edge of the Southern Ocean, chosen based partly on findings by the Diapycnal and Isopycnal
Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean (DIMES), is another key part of the Earth's "global ocean conveyor" circulation.
In ESM2G, an independently developed isopycnal
model using the generalized ocean layer dynamics (GOLD) code base is used (http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/earth-system-model).
Loughe, "A reduced gravity isopycnal
ocean model: Hindcasts of El Nino," Monthly Weather Review, vol.
The outcropping of the 26.0 kg [m.sup.-3] isopycnal
at the southern edge of the section during austral winter (Figs.
The GEM uses a current inventory of all Argo float profiles (2002 to 2016) to derive circumpolar-averaged potential temperature trends approximately oriented along stream-following dynamic height contours, here shown on constant isopycnal