Isthmus of Corinth


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Corinth, Isthmus of,

c.20 mi (32 km) long and 4–8 mi (6.4–12.9 km) wide, connecting central Greece (Attica and Boeotia) with the PeloponnesusPeloponnesus
or Pelopónnisos
, formerly Morea
, peninsula (1991 pop. 1,086,935), c.8,300 sq mi (21,500 sq km), S Greece. It is linked with central Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth, and it is washed by the Aegean Sea on the east and southeast, by the
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, between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf. It is crossed by the Corinth Canal, built between 1881 and 1893, which connects the Aegean and the Adriatic seas. Parallel to the canal are ruins of the ancient Isthmian Wall, which was restored (3d–6th cent. A.D.) by Byzantine emperors to defend the Peloponnesus. Near the eastern end of the wall are ruins of the sanctuary of Poseidon where the Isthmian gamesIsthmian games
, athletic events organized c.581 B.C. They were held at Corinth in the spring of the first and third years of the Olympiad, and they honored Palaemon as well as Poseidon.
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 were played.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Corinth, Isthmus of

 

an isthmus joining the Peloponne-sian Peninsula with the regions of central Greece, between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf. It is 42 km long, and varies in width from 6.3 to 16 km. The greater part of the isthmus is taken up by the limestone ridge of Geraneia. The land is primarily semidesert. A railroad and highway that link Athens and Corinth run along the isthmus. The Corinth Canal cuts across it.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pettegrew presents readers with a comprehensive examination of the history of trade, culture, and commerce on the Isthmus of Corinth from the initial presence of the Romans in Greece during the Hellenistic period through to the major shifts in the Roman Empire during late antiquity.
Another announcement from Nazi headquarters was that on Saturday German parachute troops occupied the isthmus of Corinth and the town of C orinth.
felt an almost irresistible urge to mention the Isthmus of Corinth wherever possible',(2) and A.
In addition to the puzzle of the missing Isthmus of Corinth, there are several other problems in the passage which, though individually minor, clump together in a highly suspect way.
Various accounts are given of their homeward course; eventually the Argo reached Iolcos and was placed in a grove sacred to Poseidon in the Isthmus of Corinth.
Sparta moved first by invading the Isthmus of Corinth in 431 B.C.
The railway concept actually dates back at least to ancient Greece; the earliest evidence of a wagonway was the five-mile-long Diolkos paved trackway which was used to haul boats across the Isthmus of Corinth from around 600 BC.
Recent investigations on the Isthmus of Corinth by the Eastern Korinthia Archaeological Survey (EKAS) have revealed a series of relatively humble fortifications situated along the ridge of Mt.