Isthmus of Kra


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Kra, Isthmus of

(krä), narrow neck of the Malay Peninsula, c.40 mi (60 km) wide, SW Thailand, between the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Thailand. It has long been the proposed site of a ship canal that would bypass the congested Straits of Malacca.

Kra, Isthmus of

 

an isthmus in Southeast Asia, in southern Thailand, connecting the Malay Peninsula to the mainland. Width, 40–75 km. The terrain consists of hills and low mountains (maximum altitude, 500 m) covered with tropical rain forests. Construction of a canal through the isthmus might shorten the route from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean by about 1,500 km.

References in periodicals archive ?
It occurs there year-round, many nests have been found, and it has since been found at many other Thai water bodies between Bung Buraphet and the Isthmus of Kra, including Bang Pu, around Bangkok (Nong Khaem), Khlong Bang Kaew, Rangsit, Kamphaengsaen, Suphanburi, and Samut Songkram (Ogle 1986, Round and Jukmongkol 2006b; Round and Gardner 2007).
The Sundaic (Thai-Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, and associated islands) avifauna is distinct from that further north in southeastern Asia; many Sundaic species' northern range limits lie on the peninsula around the Isthmus of Kra (Round et al.
Beijing is studying alternative routes to avoid or bypass the Strait, including ordering shipments farther east, building a pipeline from Burma to Yunnan, or even building a pipeline and/or canal across the Isthmus of Kra in southern Thailand.