marlin

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marlin,

common name for open-sea fish related to the sailfishsailfish,
common name for a marine game and food fish, genus Istiophorus, belonging to the family Istiophoridae and related to the marlin. It is named for its high, wide dorsal fin (or "sail"), colored deep blue with black spots.
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 (family Istiophoridae) and prized in sport fishing. The best known is the Atlantic blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, found in the Gulf Stream as far north as Long Island. It may reach 1,000 lb (454 kg) in weight. The upper jaw of the marlin extends into a long spike with which it clubs the small fish on which it feeds. The striped marlin, Kajikia audax, of the Pacific reaches a weight of 300 to 400 lb (135–180 kg); the paler white marlin, K. albida, of the Atlantic rarely exceeds 100 lb (45 kg). Marlins are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Istiophoridae.

marlin

any of several large scombroid food and game fishes of the genera Makaira, Istiompax, and Tetrapturus, of warm and tropical seas, having a very long upper jaw: family Istiophoridae
References in periodicals archive ?
2004) are used for Recent istiophorids with the exception that I follow Orrell et al.
1]) were considered too uncertain for comparison with other istiophorids.
Mark-recapture studies using conventional streamer tags have assisted in defining the spatial and temporal characteristics for movement and migration of istiophorid billfish populations worldwide (Squire, 1972; Squire and Nielsen, 1983; Miyake, 1990; Pepperell, 1990a; 1990b; Scott et al.
Although there are published descriptions available of a typical or specific istiophorid skull (Gregory and Conrad 1937; Schultz 1987; Davie 1990), there are no comparative osteological studies that are useful in determining the species represented by the partial skull from the San Jose del Cabo Basin (Fig.
For istiophorid billfishes, live and dead natural baits rigged with J hooks reveal higher frequencies of internal hooking locations and trauma for sailfish, striped marlin (K.
Catch rates of istiophorid billfishes (sailfish, white marlin, and blue marlin) reported in other areas, including the Bahamas (Serafy et al.
Istiophorid billfishes (blue marlin, white marlin, longbill spearfish [Tetrapturus pfluegeri], and sailfish [Istiophorus platypterus]) represented approximately 3% of the catch by number, and the overall mean catch rate of white marlin was 1.
Regardless of the taxonomic status of the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific billfishes, physical attributes of istiophorid species may vary by region.
Nuclear and mitochondria DNA markers for specific identification of istiophorid and xiphiid billfishes.
1991) who counted the core increment as increment one for the istiophorid blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) and for a single larval swordfish that was 8.
Abstract--Independent molecular markers based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA were developed to provide positive identification of istiophorid and xiphiid billfishes (marlins, spearfishes, sailfish, and swordfish).