Istria

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Istria

(ĭs`trēə), Croatian Istra, mountainous peninsula c.1,500 sq mi (3,900 sq km), in Slovenia and Croatia, projecting into the N Adriatic between the gulfs of Trieste and Fiume. A section of the northwestern portion, including the city of Trieste, belongs to Italy. The area is thickly forested and is predominantly agricultural. PulaPula
, Ital. Pola, city (2011 pop. 57,460), W Croatia, on the Adriatic and at the southern tip of the Istrian peninsula. A major seaport and an industrial center, it has shipyards, docks, and varied manufactures. Captured (178 B.C.
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 is the chief city and a shipbuilding center. The population is about two thirds Croatian. Istria was inhabited by Illyrian tribes when it passed (2d cent. B.C.) to Rome. It remained under nominal Byzantine rule until the 8th cent. A.D. By that time, Slavs had settled in the rural areas and Italians in the cities. By the 15th cent. Austria and Venice had absorbed, respectively, the northeastern and southwestern parts of the region. The Treaty of Campo Formio (1797) and the Congress of Vienna (1815) added the Venetian part to Austria. In 1919 all Istria passed to Italy, but the Italian peace treaty of 1947 gave most of it to Yugoslavia. The northwestern section passed to Italy in 1954; under the 1975 Osimo Treaty, Italy gave up claims to coastal lands south of Trieste.

Istria

 

an ancient Greek city on the western shore of the Black Sea, in what is now Rumania. Istria was founded by the Milesians in the second half of the seventh century B.C. The inhabitants were farmers, fishermen, and craftsmen and engaged in trading with the neighboring Getae-Thracian and Scythian tribes. It achieved its greatest development in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. Archaeological finds bear witness to the developed trade relations with the cities of the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions. In the middle of the first century B.C., Istria was ravaged by the Getae, and in 27 B.C. it became part of the Roman Empire. Destroyed by the Goths in the third century A.D., Istria was again restored and existed until the seventh century. By this time, as a result of sand alluvium, the city no longer had an outlet to the sea and thus lost its significance as a trade center. It gradually became deserted.

Excavations have been carried out with interruptions since 1914. Remains of defense walls (fourth century B.C.), temples, particularly the Temple of Aphrodite (fifth century B.C.), thermae (third-fourth century), and dwellings have been uncovered. Istria is an archaeological preserve.

REFERENCES

Konduraki, E. Istriia. Bucharest, 1962.
Blavatskaia, T.V. Zapadnopontiiskie goroda v 7–1 vv. do n.e. Moscow, 1952.

I. T. KRUGLIKOVA

Istria

a peninsula in the N Adriatic Sea: passed from Italy to Yugoslavia (except for Trieste) in 1947 and to Croatia in 1991
References in periodicals archive ?
If you prefer hotels consider the Minerva, also on the Istrian coast at nearby Medulin.
We settle on the Konoba Kantinon, and from the newspaperstyle menu order a platter of seafood cicchetti - Istrian tapas - washed down with local San Servolo beer.
A good-quality extra virgin Istrian olive oil has a piquant, peppery taste and a scent evocative of freshly cut grass.
[21] showed that the Istrian hams contained on average 32.4% protein in 2010 and 43.1% in 2012.
ISTRIAN PENINSULA LIGHTHOUSE: ISTRIA, CROATIA Thanks to Instagram Stories, it's now possible to capture all your travel adventures in real time without oversharing.
Single supplements apply Standard phone charges FLYING FROM AN AIRPORT NEAR YOU Croatia's Istrian Riviera & Lake Bled 8 days from PS699 Flying direct from an airport near you, Apr to Jul, Sept & Oct 2017 Elegance and grandeur on the blue Adriatic.
CROATIA TITAN (titantravel.co.uk; 0800 988 5873) offers an 11-day itinerary including three nights in Umag and a seven-night cruise around the Istrian peninsula from PS1,449pp (two sharing).
CROATIA TITAN (titantravel.co.uk; 0800 988 5873) offers an 11-day tinerary including three nights n Umag and a seven-night ruise around the Istrian eninsula from PS1,449pp (two haring).
Most of the Istrian peninsula passed from Italy to which country in 1947?
Go to barnescoaches.co.uk 7 CROATIA AND SLOVENIA THE Istrian Peninsula on the Adriatic coast, a hidden garden of beauty, is on the itinerary of Crusader Holidays' tour to Croatia and Slovenia.
Take the case of Fiume, just south of the Istrian peninsula, which was occupied by Gabriele D'Annunzio and his legionnaires in 1919 just as Woodrow Wilson and the victors of the Great War were preparing to give it to the Yugoslavs.