István Széchenyi

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Széchenyi, István


Born Sept. 21, 1791, in Vienna; died Apr. 8, 1860. In Döbling. Hungarian political and public figure. Count and land magnate.

During the 1820’s and 1830’s, Széchenyi led the liberal nobility in a struggle for reforms. He favored the implementation of reforms by the nobility and was one of the main political opponents of L. Kossuth on the eve of Hungary’s Revolution of 1848–49. In April 1848 he joined the cabinet of L. Batthyány as minister of transportation and public works. He opposed the terrorist dictatorship established in Hungary after the suppression of the revolution. In 1857, in London, he published an anonymous work in which he indicted Hapsburg absolutism for the tragic fate of Hungary. Széchenyi took his own life.


Összes munkái, vols. 1–15. Budapest, 1921–39.


Fekete, S. Széchenyi István. Budapest, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
The inscription ISTVAN SZECHENYI WAS BORN 225 YEARS AGO in the upper legend sheds light on the occasion of the commemorative coin issuance.
5 mm with a special edge uniquely reeded referring to the year of Istvan Szechenyi birth.
William Tierney Clark was hired by Hungarian Count Istvan Szechenyi to design the Chain Bridge because of Britain's solid reputation in this field.
And it was mooted last week by the head of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Jozsef Palinkas, that Roosevelt ter be renamed after Hungarian Count Istvan Szechenyi, founder of the academy and driving force behind the Chain Bridge that joins the square and Pest as a whole to Buda.
48) Hoping to ensure that his countrymen would be able to take advantage of every opportunity, Istvan Szechenyi, popularly remembered and ubiquitously described as "the greatest Hungarian," (49) sought to boost Hungarian social skills.
This complex process of change was largely attributable to the influence of the French and Industrial Revolutions, and to the zeal of national activists--writers, journalists, poets, musicians, linguists, and scholars (Count Istvan Szechenyi being the most famous figure here)--, who were committed to all things Hungarian, including costumes, dances, theater, cuisine, history, and, above all, language.