Italian East Africa

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Related to Italian East Africa: German East Africa, Italian Somaliland

Italian East Africa,

former federation of the Italian colonies of Eritrea and Italian Somaliland and the kingdom of Ethiopia. The federation was formed (1936) to consolidate the administration of the three areas. During the federation's existence, efforts were made to construct road systems and to establish new industries and agricultural plantations. Resistance to Italian rule was particularly strong in Ethiopia, and when British forces invaded the federation in Jan., 1941, they received widespread support. By Dec., 1942, the Italians had been totally defeated. Ethiopia was restored its independence; Eritrea was placed under Ethiopian control in 1952 (becoming independent of that country in 1993); and Italian Somaliland, after a period as a UN trusteeship, became part of Somalia in 1960.
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Italian East Africa

a former Italian territory in E Africa, formed in 1936 from the possessions of Eritrea, Italian Somaliland, and Ethiopia: taken by British forces in 1941
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In the following weeks, thousands of Ethiopians, including intellectuals and clergy, were indiscriminately massacred or imprisoned under the broad suspicion of connection to the resistance movement in Italian East Africa.
(13) This fleet comprised 27 seaplanes, mainly used on Mediterranean routes, although five were utilized on the air link to Italian East Africa. Seaplanes were crucial in opening up routes to locations where airfields had not yet been constructed; indeed, they were the pioneers of fascist empire in East Africa, able to land on lakes and in coastal areas where no landing strips had yet been built.
For example, the Italian East Africa network had the highest revenues, even though five times as many passengers used the most popular, Tyrrhenian routes (Figure 2).
The airline's colonial route network focused mostly on Italian East Africa. The aim of this network was, first, to link Rome with Italy's colonies in the Horn of Africa.
Furthermore, the building of airports and maintenance facilities throughout Italian East Africa provided a means of rationalizing air transport in the colonies.
(48) Free travel was also assigned to colonial officials, including Rodolfo Graziani, viceroy for Italian East Africa; Ruggero Santini, the governor of Somalia; and Alfredo Guzzoni, governor of Eritrea.
The airline was responsible for enabling colonial administrators and officials to overcome one of Italian East Africa's main obstacles, namely, distance and a lack of secure and rapid transport.
Legarione D'Italia, The Social and Economic System of Italian East Africa. Societta Editrice Di Novissima, Roma A.XVI., p.

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