Italian East Africa


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Related to Italian East Africa: German East Africa, Italian Somaliland

Italian East Africa,

former federation of the Italian colonies of Eritrea and Italian Somaliland and the kingdom of Ethiopia. The federation was formed (1936) to consolidate the administration of the three areas. During the federation's existence, efforts were made to construct road systems and to establish new industries and agricultural plantations. Resistance to Italian rule was particularly strong in Ethiopia, and when British forces invaded the federation in Jan., 1941, they received widespread support. By Dec., 1942, the Italians had been totally defeated. Ethiopia was restored its independence; Eritrea was placed under Ethiopian control in 1952 (becoming independent of that country in 1993); and Italian Somaliland, after a period as a UN trusteeship, became part of Somalia in 1960.

Italian East Africa

a former Italian territory in E Africa, formed in 1936 from the possessions of Eritrea, Italian Somaliland, and Ethiopia: taken by British forces in 1941
References in periodicals archive ?
It founded maintenance bases in Rome (Littorio airport), Lido di Roma, Venice, Trieste, Brindisi, and operated maintenance bases at Benghazi in Libya, and in Asmara, Italian East Africa.
For example, the Italian East Africa network had the highest revenues, even though five times as many passengers used the most popular, Tyrrhenian routes (Figure 2).
The airline's colonial route network focused mostly on Italian East Africa.
Furthermore, the building of airports and maintenance facilities throughout Italian East Africa provided a means of rationalizing air transport in the colonies.
Through Ala Littoria's network in Italian East Africa, officials and mail could circulate with relative ease, ensuring that a large, and at times inaccessible, territory could be traversed.
Ala Littoria, on the other hand, required the use of British airspace in Egypt and Sudan on its routes to Italian East Africa.
Indeed, in its six years of operation, the airline was formed from the merger of several different companies and developed a distinctive route network that placed Rome at the centre of a web of connections stretching from North-Western Europe to Italian East Africa.
At the same time, it solidified the all-round importance of aviation for fascist Italy's colonial projects: the aeroplane was used to bomb Ethiopian civilians and troops in the establishment of Italian East Africa, as well as to carry viceroys and officers from Addis Ababa to Asmara.
Most of these were focused on Europe, while the Imperial Line connected the wider European network with internal Italian East Africa routes.

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